Careful tailoring the quantum state of probes offers the capability of investigating matter at unprecedented precisions. Rarely, however, the interaction with the sample is fully encompassed by a single parameter, and the information contained in the probe needs to be partitioned on multiple parameters. There exist, then, practical bounds on the ultimate joint-estimation precision set by the unavailability of a single optimal measurement for all parameters. Here, we discuss how these considerations are modified for two-level quantum probes-qubits-by the use of two copies and entangling measurements. We find that the joint estimation of phase and phase diffusion benefits from such collective measurement, while for multiple phases no enhancement can be observed. We demonstrate this in a proof-of-principle photonics setup.
|Titolo:||Entangling measurements for multiparameter estimation with two qubits|
|Parole Chiave:||quantum measurements; quantum metrology; multiparameter estimation; quantum photonics; quantum gate|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/2058-9565/aa9212|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|