During CNS development neurons undergo directional migration to achieve their adult localizations. To study neuronal migration, we used a model cell line of immortalized murine neurons (gonadotropin-releasing hormone expressing neurons; GN11), enriched with caveolins and caveolae invaginations that show in vitro chemotaxis upon serum exposure. Cholesterol depletion with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin induced the loss of caveolae and the inhibition of chemotaxis, thus suggesting that GN11 migration depends upon the structural integrity of caveolae. Polarization of proteins and organelles is a hallmark of cell migration. Accordingly, GN11 cells transmigrating through filter pores exhibited a polarized distribution of caveolin-1 isoform (cav-1) in the leading processes. In contrast, during two-dimensional migration cav-1 and caveolae polarized at the trailing edge. As caveolae are enriched with signaling molecules, we suggest that asymmetrical localization of caveolae may spatially orient GN11 neurons to incoming migratory signals thereby transducing them into directional migration

Polarization of caveolins and caveolae during migration of immortalized neurons / D. Lentini, F. Guzzi, F. Pimpinelli, R. Zaninetti, A. Cassetti, S. Coco, R. Maggi, M. Parenti. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 104:2(2008 Jan), pp. 514-523.

Polarization of caveolins and caveolae during migration of immortalized neurons

R. Zaninetti;R. Maggi
Penultimo
;
2008

Abstract

During CNS development neurons undergo directional migration to achieve their adult localizations. To study neuronal migration, we used a model cell line of immortalized murine neurons (gonadotropin-releasing hormone expressing neurons; GN11), enriched with caveolins and caveolae invaginations that show in vitro chemotaxis upon serum exposure. Cholesterol depletion with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin induced the loss of caveolae and the inhibition of chemotaxis, thus suggesting that GN11 migration depends upon the structural integrity of caveolae. Polarization of proteins and organelles is a hallmark of cell migration. Accordingly, GN11 cells transmigrating through filter pores exhibited a polarized distribution of caveolin-1 isoform (cav-1) in the leading processes. In contrast, during two-dimensional migration cav-1 and caveolae polarized at the trailing edge. As caveolae are enriched with signaling molecules, we suggest that asymmetrical localization of caveolae may spatially orient GN11 neurons to incoming migratory signals thereby transducing them into directional migration
β-cyclodextrin; Caveolae; Caveolin; Cholesterol; GN11 cells; Neuronal migration
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/57287
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