Environmental exposure to lead, although not an important cause of mortality, represents one of the main causes of morbidity among children and adolescents. In general, rural communities are expected to have significantly lower blood lead levels (BLLs) than urban communities. However, this is not the case in populations living in the vicinity of lead mines and smelting facilities, where higher BLLs may occur, particularly among young children. Around 50% of Global lead production can be traced back to car battery recycling. The aim of this study was to quantify blood lead levels (BLLs) of children living near a car battery smelting facility in Serbia, compare the levels with developed and developing countries’ standards, and identify the main determinants of lead exposure in this population. BLLs were quantified in 75 children from Zajača, a village where a car battery smelting factory is located, and 52 children from Paskovac, village 5 kilometers away from Zajača. The median BLL for both groups were 12 μg/dl, 7.60 μg/dl in children from Paskovac, and 17.5 μg/dl in children from Zajača. Even 87% of children from Zajača had the BLL above 10 μg/dl, which is comparable to urban schoolchildren in South Africa and Bangladesh. Although a European country, a candidate country for the European Union, BLLs of Serbian children were comparable to that of children living in developing countries and higher than those expected in children living near lead smelting facilities in developed countries.
Environmental Lead Exposure in Children: a Problem of Developing Countries? / P. Bulat, S. Mandic-Rajcevic, Z. Bulat, V. Matovic - In: Book of Abstracts / [a cura di] V. Matovic. - Beograd : Serbian Society of Toxicology, 2018 Apr 19. - ISBN 9788691786717. - pp. 31-31 (( Intervento presentato al 10. convegno Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries tenutosi a Belgrade nel 2018.
|Titolo:||Environmental Lead Exposure in Children: a Problem of Developing Countries?|
MANDIC-RAJCEVIC, STEFAN (Co-primo)
|Parole Chiave:||combined exposure; blood lead levels; mixed-effects model|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||19-apr-2018|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||International Union of Toxicology|
Serbian Society of Toxicology
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|