Background/Aims: Demyelination and axonal degeneration are the hallmarks of established white matter lesions (WML). The neurochemistry of ongoing WML is only partially known. We explored cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) substances as markers of brain tissue damage in relation to progression of WML rated on magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: CSF from elderly individuals with WML was analyzed for amyloid markers, total τ, hyperphosphorylated τ, neurofilament protein light subunit, sulfatide and CSF/serum-albumin ratio. After 3 years, a follow-up magnetic resonance imaging was performed. Progression of WML was rated using the Rotterdam Progression Scale (RPS). Results: 37 subjects (age 73.6 ± 4.6 years) were included. Subjects with more pronounced progression (RPS > 2; n = 15) had lower mean sulfatide concentration at baseline as compared to subjects with no or minimal progression (RPS 0-2; n = 22) according to univariate analyses (p = 0.009). Sulfatide was the only biomarker that predicted the RPS score according to regression analysis, explaining 18.9% of the total variance (r = 0.38, p = 0.015). Conclusion: The correlation of CSF sulfatide levels and RPS scores may reflect a remyelination response to the demyelination process associated with WML. Furthermore, the results strengthen the notion that WML pathology is different from that of Alzheimer's disease.
Low cerebrospinal fluid sulfatide predicts progression of white matter lesions : the LADIS study / M. Jonsson, H. Zetterberg, S. Rolstad, A. Edman, A.A. Gouw, M. Bjerke, K. Lind, K. Blennow, L. Pantoni, D. Inzitari, A. Wallin. - In: DEMENTIA AND GERIATRIC COGNITIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 1420-8008. - 34:1(2012), pp. 61-67.
|Titolo:||Low cerebrospinal fluid sulfatide predicts progression of white matter lesions : the LADIS study|
|Parole Chiave:||Biomarkers; Cerebrospinal fluid; Leukoaraiosis; Myelin; Oligodendrocyte; Progression; Sulfatide; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alzheimer Disease; Amyloid beta-Peptides; Biomarkers; Brain; Dementia, Vascular; Demyelinating Diseases; Disease Progression; Female; Humans; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Leukoaraiosis; Linear Models; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Nerve Degeneration; Netherlands; Neuropsychological Tests; Predictive Value of Tests; Socioeconomic Factors; Sulfoglycosphingolipids; tau Proteins; Psychiatry and Mental Health; Geriatrics and Gerontology; Cognitive Neuroscience|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000341576|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|