Clinical data indicate that prognostic stratification of radically resected colorectal cancer based on disease stage only may not be always be adequate. Preclinical findings suggest that cancer stem cells may influence the biological behaviour of colorectal cancer independently from stage: objective of the study was to assess whether a panel of stemness markers were correlated with clinical outcome in resected stage II and III colon cancer patients. A panel of 66 markers of stemness were analysed and thus patients were divided into two groups (A and B) with most patients clustering in a manner consistent with different time to relapse by using a statistical algorithm. A total of 62 patients were analysed. Thirty-six (58%) relapsed during the follow-up period (range 1.63-86.5 months). Twelve (19%) and 50 (81%) patients were allocated into group A and B, respectively. A significantly different median relapse-free survival was observed between the 2 groups (22.18 vs 42.85 months, p = 0.0296). Among of all genes tested, those with the higher "weight" in determining different prognosis were CD44, ALCAM, DTX2, HSPA9, CCNA2, PDX1, MYST1, COL1A1 and ABCG2. This analysis supports the idea that, other than stage, biological variables, such as expression levels of colon cancer stem cell genes, may be relevant in determining an increased risk of relapse in resected colorectal cancer patients.
Cancer Stem Cell Gene Profile as Predictor of Relapse in High Risk Stage II and Stage III, Radically Resected Colon Cancer Patients / R. Giampieri, M. Scartozzi, C. Loretelli, F. Piva, A. Mandolesi, G. Lezoche, M. Del Prete, A. Bittoni, L. Faloppi, M. Bianconi, L. Cecchini, M. Guerrieri, I. Bearzi, S. Cascinu. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 8:9(2013 Sep 04).
|Titolo:||Cancer Stem Cell Gene Profile as Predictor of Relapse in High Risk Stage II and Stage III, Radically Resected Colon Cancer Patients|
|Parole Chiave:||adult; aged; aged, 80 and over; biomarkers, tumor; colonic neoplasms; female; humans; male; middle aged; neoplasm recurrence, local; neoplasm staging; neoplastic stem cells; prognosis; agricultural and biological sciences (all); biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (all); medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-set-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072843|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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