Electrocardiographic (ECG) signals have been successfully used to perform biometric recognition in a wide range of applications. However, ECG-based biometric systems are usually less accurate than technologies based on other physiological traits. To increase their performance, it is necessary to study novel approaches. Deep learning methods, like Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), can automatically extract distinctive features, and have demonstrated their effectiveness for other biometric systems. In this paper, we present Deep-ECG, a CNN-based biometric approach for ECG signals. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in the literature that uses a CNN for ECG biometrics. Deep-ECG extracts significant features from one or more leads using a deep CNN and compares biometric templates by computing simple and fast distance functions, obtaining remarkable accuracy for identification, verification and periodic re-authentication. Furthermore, using a simple quantization procedure, Deep-ECG can obtain binary templates that can facilitate the use of ECG-based biometric systems to cryptographic applications. We also propose a simple method to enlarge the training dataset of ECG samples, which can increase the performance of deep neural networks. We performed experiments on large sets of samples acquired in uncontrolled conditions, proving the accuracy and robustness of Deep-ECG in non-ideal scenarios. Furthermore, we evaluated the performance of Deep-ECG with for the PTB Diagnostic ECG Database, obtaining identification accuracy better or comparable to the best performing methods in the literature, also for signals with different characteristics with respect to the ones used to train the CNN.
Deep-ECG : convolutional neural networks for ECG biometric recognition / R. DONIDA LABATI, E. MUNOZ BALLESTER, V. Piuri, R. Sassi, F. Scotti. - In: PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS. - ISSN 0167-8655. - 126(2019 Sep 01), pp. 78-85.
|Titolo:||Deep-ECG : convolutional neural networks for ECG biometric recognition|
MUNOZ BALLESTER, ENRIQUE (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||biometrics; ECG; deep learning|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
Settore ING-INF/05 - Sistemi di Elaborazione delle Informazioni
|Progetto:||ABC GATES FOR EUROPE|
COntactlesS Multibiometric mObile System in the wild: COSMOS
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.patrec.2018.03.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|