For bounded domains Omega, we prove that the Lp-norm of a regular function with compact support is controlled by weighted Lp-norms of its gradient, where the weight belongs to a class of symmetric non-negative definite matrix valued functions. The class of weights is defined by regularity assumptions and structural conditions on the degeneracy set where the determinant vanishes. In particular, the weight A is assumed to have rank at least one when restricted to the normal bundle of the degeneracy set S This generalization of the classical Poincare' inequality is then applied to develop a robust theory of first order Lp-based Sobolev spaces with matrix valued weight A. The Poincare' inequality and these Sobolev spaces are then applied to produce various results on existence, uniqueness and qualitative properties of weak solutions to boundary value problems for degenerate elliptic, degenerate parabolic and degenerate hyperbolic PDEs of second order written in divergence form, where A is calibrated to the matrix of coefficients of the second order spatial derivatives. The notion of weak solution is variational in which the spatial states belong to the matrix weighted Sobolev spaces with p=2. For the degenerate elliptic PDEs, the Dirichlet problem is treated by the use of the Poincare' inequality and Lax-Milgram theorem, while the treatment of Cauchy-Dirichet problem for the degenerate evolution equations relies only on the Poincare' inequality and the parabolic and hyperbolic counterparts of the Lax-Milgram theorem.

Poincare' inequalities for Sobolev spaces with matrix valued weights and applications to degenerate partial differential equations / D.D. Monticelli, K.R. Payne, F. Punzo. - In: PROCEEDINGS SECTION A: MATHEMATICS - ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. - ISSN 1473-7124. - (2018 Apr 22), pp. 1-40. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1017/S0308210517000427]

Poincare' inequalities for Sobolev spaces with matrix valued weights and applications to degenerate partial differential equations

K.R. Payne
Penultimo
;
2018-04-22

Abstract

For bounded domains Omega, we prove that the Lp-norm of a regular function with compact support is controlled by weighted Lp-norms of its gradient, where the weight belongs to a class of symmetric non-negative definite matrix valued functions. The class of weights is defined by regularity assumptions and structural conditions on the degeneracy set where the determinant vanishes. In particular, the weight A is assumed to have rank at least one when restricted to the normal bundle of the degeneracy set S This generalization of the classical Poincare' inequality is then applied to develop a robust theory of first order Lp-based Sobolev spaces with matrix valued weight A. The Poincare' inequality and these Sobolev spaces are then applied to produce various results on existence, uniqueness and qualitative properties of weak solutions to boundary value problems for degenerate elliptic, degenerate parabolic and degenerate hyperbolic PDEs of second order written in divergence form, where A is calibrated to the matrix of coefficients of the second order spatial derivatives. The notion of weak solution is variational in which the spatial states belong to the matrix weighted Sobolev spaces with p=2. For the degenerate elliptic PDEs, the Dirichlet problem is treated by the use of the Poincare' inequality and Lax-Milgram theorem, while the treatment of Cauchy-Dirichet problem for the degenerate evolution equations relies only on the Poincare' inequality and the parabolic and hyperbolic counterparts of the Lax-Milgram theorem.
degenerate elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic equations; Poincare' inequalities; Sobolev spaces; matrix valued weights; Lax-Milgram theorem
Settore MAT/05 - Analisi Matematica
22-apr-2108
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/564927
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