In many EU countries, notwithstanding the privatisation policies implemented across them, a large part of the supply of LPT services is delivered by State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs); only a minority is covered by private operators or by mixed forms of public-private ones. There is a noteworthy variety in the way LPT services are organized among countries, because of politic and socio-economic characteristics of the different areas taken into consideration. Considerable differences are met even among cities within the same country. In this perspective, the quality of Institutions is a factor that could assume a relevant impact on the internal policies and so, it could explain the differences in selecting among public, private or mixed private-public operators to offer the services. In this context, the objective of the research presented herein is to critically examine how the main policy reforms - promoted by the EU and adopted by the Member States in the last two decades – have affected and continue to affect the market of Transport public services. More specifically, the paper attempts to identify the existence of significant variations in the reform patterns across countries at the municipal level and to perform an evaluation of the role of governement-owned as well as private enterprises, in terms of their performances and how this is linked to their organizational structure. Starting from an empirical survey on the different experiences of the EU countries, the aim of our paper is to investigate the theoretical inference of the collected data, analysing main juridical and socio-economic issues. What is the degree of market opening in the sector of transport public services in some main European cities/municipalities? Which are the most efficiency and progressive examples? Considering the degree of market opening, how could the juridical instruments adopted in the last decade by the EU be a tool to compel the internal markets even now not open to competition? In other words, Could the EU policies be a sort of “fly-wheel”, due to induce a virtuous circle that entails also single internal markets?
Local Public Transport services: the efficiency of public enterprises competing with the private Sector in the EU Member States / A. Negrelli, N. Roukouni, A. Chassy - In: The Reform of Network Industries : Evaluating Privatisation, Regulation and Liberalisation in the EU / [a cura di] M. Florio. - [s.l] : Edwuard Elgar Publishing, 2017 Dec. - ISBN 9781786439024. - pp. 197-219
|Titolo:||Local Public Transport services: the efficiency of public enterprises competing with the private Sector in the EU Member States|
NEGRELLI, ANNALISA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore IUS/10 - Diritto Amministrativo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2017|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|