Purpose: Homing of breast cancer cells to metastatic sites may be regulated by the production of stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 by specific target organs, which attracts CXCR4-expressing breast cancer cells. We investigated the value of SDF-1 as a predictive blood marker of distant metastasis in breast cancer, together with a common polymorphism of SDF-1, SDF-1-3'A. Experimental Design: Plasma samples were collected prospectively for 270 consecutive primary breast cancer patients with a median follow-up of 3.3 years. Plasma SDF-1 levels were measured using an ELISA, and the polymorphism was identified via PCR-RFLP analysis. Results: Plasma SDF-1 levels were divided into two groups, low and high, based on the median SDF-1 value of 2,661 pg/mL. Patients with low SDF-1 showed an increased risk of developing distant metastasis (relative risk, 1.94; P = 0.02) and poorer breast cancer-specific survival [adjusted hazard ratio (AHR), 3.92; P = 0.007]. Patients with both low plasma SDF-1 levels and the SDF-1-3'A polymorphism showed a poorer breast cancer-specific survival (AHR, 3.98; P = 0.001) and distant disease-free survival (AHR, 2.88; P = 0.003). In a separate cohort of 22 breast cancer patients, we found no significant difference in SDF-1 levels before and posttumor resection. Conclusion: We found that low plasma SDF-1 is an independent host-derived predictive marker of distant metastasis in breast cancer. The prognostic value of the combination of a low plasma SDF-1 level and the SDF-1-3'A polymorphism identifies a cohort of patients with an intrinsic susceptibility for poorer survival.
|Titolo:||Plasma stromal cell-derived factor-1 : host derived marker predictive of distant metastasis in breast cancer|
BACCARELLI, ANDREA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-gen-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-1189|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|