Background: Radon, the second cause of lung cancer after smoking, is a natural, radioactive gas, which originates from the soil and pollutes indoor air, especially in closed or underground spaces. Italian legislation recommends an action level of 500 Bq/m3per year for occupational exposure in underground premises. Objectives: Since banks usually use various underground premises (archives, safe-deposit room), a study was made of the radon levels on such premises with the aim of identifying useful monitoring strategies. Methods: 134 branches of a major Italian banking group were examined using 1817 nuclear track dosimeters at ground level and underground level premises. The branches were located in 7 Italian regions in the north (Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto), centre (Lazio) and south (Campania, Apulia, Sicily). Information on measurement points was recorded in a technical sheet and statistical analysis was carried out. Results: Annual underground measurements gave an average concentration of 157 Bq/m3, with 5, 1% for 400<C<500Bq/m3 and 2, 9% for C>500Bq/m3. Seasonal variability was reflected in a significant decrease in concentrations between winter and spring (δmean%=- 47,3%) and good stability between autumn and winter (δmean%=3%) ; moreover quarterly concentrations account for 85% of the variability of the corresponding annual level. A multiple linear regression model (R 2=0,33) indicated geographic location as the principal factor in radon accumulation, followed by underground level, humidity, use, lack of windows, heating and natural ventilation, and direct contact of at least one wall with ground rock; whereas the safe-deposit room structure seems to protect from radon accumulation. Moreover, the ground level measurement results were significantly associated with the corresponding underground average concentrations (p< 0,001). Conclusions: The results could be a useful tool in planning a monitoring strategy for assessment of bank worker exposure, especially for banking groups with a large number of branches.
|Titolo:||Valutazione delle concentrazioni di radon nel settore bancario : risultati di una indagine condotta in un gruppo bancario di rilevanza nazionale|
URSO, PATRIZIA (Primo)
CARRER, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bank buildings; Explanatory factors; Radon|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|