The study considered two major aims: (a) to measure the changes in quality parameters, lipid composition and antioxidant activity occurring in turkey spermatozoa during liquid storage; (b) to determine if the enrichment of sperm in n-3 fatty acids and alpha-tocopherol affect sperm survival during storage. Turkey breeders were fed a control diet or an Omega3 diet enriched with fish oil and alpha-tocopheryl-acetate. Ejaculates were pooled (5 ejaculates/pool; 4 pools/treatment) and stored in vitro for 48 h at 4 °C. Viability, motility, susceptibility to induced peroxidation and alpha-tocopherol content were measured in spermatozoa; lipid and phospholipid fatty acid composition were measured in spermatozoa and seminal plasma. The proportion of motile and viable spermatozoa significantly decreased, and the proportion of dead spermatozoa significantly increased. The susceptibility of turkey spermatozoa to induced peroxidation also significantly increased during storage. The enrichment of turkey spermatozoa with n-3 long chain PUFA and vitamin E by dietary treatment did not prevent the negative effect of storage on sperm quality and sensitivity to induced in vitro peroxidation; however, it was efficient in partially prevent the increase of sperm death, therefore the proportion of dead spermatozoa was higher in control (37.4%) compared to treated spermatozoa (31.7%) after 48 h liquid storage. Major changes were recorded in the lipid composition of turkey spermatozoa during liquid storage in both experimental dietary groups, whereas no significant changes were measured in seminal plasma. In spermatozoa, a great loss in the phospholipid and free cholesterol content was measured. Moreover, the loss in total sperm phospholipid was associated to a peculiar and selective decrease in the bounded fatty acids: saturates and monounsaturates were greatly reduced and polyunsaturates did not change. As a consequence, the polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acid ratio increased during 48 h liquid storage. The observed changes in the lipid and phospholipid-bound fatty acid composition of turkey spermatozoa occurring during liquid storage might be related to different events and have been discussed.
|Titolo:||Liquid storage of turkey semen : changes in quality parameters, lipid composition and susceptibility to induced in vitro peroxidation in control, n-3 fatty acids and alpha-tocopherol rich spermatozoa|
ZANIBONI, LUISA (Primo)
CEROLINI, SILVIA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.anireprosci.2008.04.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|