Background: Autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis represent the three major autoimmune liver diseases (AILDs). Their management is highly specialized, requires a multidisciplinary approach and often relies on expensive, orphan drugs. Unfortunately, their treatment is often unsatisfactory, and the care pathway heterogeneous across different centers. Disease-specific clinical outcome indicators (COIs) able to evaluate the whole cycle of care are needed to assist both clinicians and administrators in improving quality and value of care. Aim of our study was to generate a set of COIs for the three AILDs. We then prospectively validated these indicators based on a series of consecutive patients recruited at three tertiary clinical centers in Lombardy, Italy. Methods: In phase I using a Delphi method and a RAND 9-point appropriateness scale a set of COIs was generated. In phase II the indicators were applied in a real-life dataset. Results: Two-hundred fourteen patients were enrolled and followed-up for a median time of 54. months and the above COIs were recorded using a web-based electronic medical record program. The COIs were easy to collect in the clinical practice environment and their values compared well with the available natural history studies. Conclusions: We have generated a comprehensive set of COIs which sequentially capture different clinical outcome of the three AILDs explored. These indicators represent a critical tool to implement a value-based approach to patients with these conditions, to monitor, compare and improve quality through benchmarking of clinical performance and to assess the significance of novel drugs and technologies. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Cholangiocytes in Health and Diseaseedited by Jesus Banales, Marco Marzioni, Nicholas LaRusso and Peter Jansen.
Optimising the clinical strategy for autoimmune liver diseases : Principles of value-based medicine / M. Carbone, L. Cristoferi, P.A. Cortesi, M. Rota, A. Ciaccio, S. Okolicsanyi, M. Gemma, L. Scalone, G. Cesana, L. Fabris, M. Colledan, S. Fagiuoli, G. Ideo, L.S. Belli, L.M. Munari, L. Mantovani, M. Strazzabosco. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0925-4439. - 1864:4(2018 Apr), pp. 1415-1422.
|Titolo:||Optimising the clinical strategy for autoimmune liver diseases : Principles of value-based medicine|
CRISTOFERI, LAURA (Secondo)
MANTOVANI, LORENZO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||autoimmune hepatitis; primary biliary cholangitis; primary sclerosing cholangitis; value-based medicine; molecular medicine; molecular biology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||24-ago-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2017.08.025|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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