Fusarium mycotoxins, such as trichothecenes and zearalenone, are common grain and foodstuffs contaminants. Some of these like deoxynivalenol (DON) can negatively impact pregnancy success in swine, but evidence for direct ovarian effects of DON, zearalenone, and its major metabolite, α-zearalenol (ZEA) is meager. To evaluate the effects of two mycotoxins, DON and ZEA on porcine granulosa cell(s) (GC) proliferation, steroidogenesis and gene expression, pig GC from small follicles (1-5 mm) were cultured for 2 days in 5% fetal bovine serum and 5% porcine serum-containing medium followed by 2 days in serum-free medium containing control (no mycotoxins) or mycotoxins (at various doses/combinations). Both DON and ZEA had biphasic effects on IGF-I-induced estradiol production, increasing estradiol production at smaller doses and inhibiting at larger doses. ZEA at 3000 ng/mL (9.37 μM) increased IGF-I-induced progesterone production and at 30 ng/mL (0.0937 μM) and 300 ng/mL (0.937 μM) were without effect, but these doses of ZEA increased FSH-induced progesterone production. ZEA at 3000 ng/mL inhibited FSH plus IGF-I-induced CYP19A1 and CYP11A1 mRNA abundance. DON inhibited progesterone production at 100 ng/mL (0.337 μM) and 1000 ng/mL (3.37 μM) but at 10 ng/mL (0.0337 μM) was without effect. DON at 1000 ng/mL (but not at 10 ng/mL) completely inhibited FSH plus IGF-I-induced CYP19A1 and CYP11A1 mRNA abundance. The concomitant treatment of ZEA had little effect on the dose response to DON. DON increased IGF-I-induced cell numbers at 10 and 100 ng/mL and inhibited cell numbers at 1000 ng/mL, whereas ZEA had no effect on GC numbers. Only a combined treatment of DON and ZEA increased serum-induced cell proliferation. In conclusion, mycotoxins have direct dose-dependent effects on GC proliferation, steroidogenesis and gene expression. These direct ovarian effects could be one mechanism whereby contaminating Fusarium mycotoxins in feedstuffs could impact reproductive performance in swine.
|Titolo:||Effects of Fusarium mycotoxins on steroid production by porcine granulosa cells|
|Autori interni:||CALONI, FRANCESCA (Secondo)|
RANZENIGO, GIOVANNI (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.anireprosci.2007.06.023|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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