Bois noir (BN) is an insect-transmitted grapevine yellows disease caused by phytoplasmas belonging to the stolbur subgroup 16SrXII-A. In Italy, increasing prevalence of stolbur phytoplasma strains in vineyards suggests progressive spread of the disease and potential for heavy impacts on the wine industry. In this study, we investigated the genetic diversity of stolbur phytoplasma strains in BN phytoplasma populations. Nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA genes from stolbur phytoplasma strains affecting vineyards in the Lombardy region of Italy and stolbur phytoplasma 16S rDNA sequences retrieved from GenBank were subjected to virtual restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Calculation of virtual restriction similarity coefficients revealed the presence of new subgroups in group 16SrXII (stolbur phytoplasma group). Representative strains of confirmed new subgroups 16SrXII-F (XII-F) and XII-G and tentative new subgroups XII-A1 through XII-A19, XII-H, XII-I, and XII-J as well as known subgroup XII-A were from grapevines; strains representing three additional tentative new subgroups (XII-K, XII-L and XII-M) were from other plant hosts. Nucleotide sequence alignments identified no less than nine genetically distinct 16S rDNA single nucleotide polymorphism lineages from grapevine, indicating a high degree of genetic heterogeneity within BN phytoplasma populations. The findings open new opportunities for in-depth studies of the distribution of grapevine-associated 16SrXII phytoplasma strains in weeds, insect vector populations and grapevines from vineyards located in different geographic areas.
|Titolo:||New 16Sr subgroups and distinct single nucleotide polymorphism lineages among grapevine Bois noir phytoplasma populations|
|Autori interni:||QUAGLINO, FABIO (Primo)|
BIANCO, PIERO ATTILIO
|Parole Chiave:||genetic diversity ; phytoplasma classification ; restriction fragment length polymorphism ; single nucleotide polymorphisms|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1744-7348.2008.00294.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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