Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are invaluable cells derived from the inner cell mass of the mammalian blastocyst. They have nearly indefinite self-renewal, retain their developmental potential after prolonged periods in culture and display great plasticity that allow them to differentiate into all cell types of the body. They provide exciting opportunities to develop unique models for developmental research and hold great potential for cell and tissue replacement therapy. However, these unique cells cannot be obtained without destroying an embryo and, despite the potential therapeutic usefulness, their derivation in the human raises substantial ethical as well as legal and political concerns because it unavoidably involves the destruction of viable embryos. In the recent years a number of scientific proposals that do not require the generation and subsequent destruction of human embryos have been put forward in an attempt to fill the gap between ethical questions and potential scientific and medical benefits. In this review we briefly summarize data obtained from the literature related to these different alternative approaches and focus in more details on our experience in the derivation of parthenothes, as a possible alternative source for pluripotent cells, discussing the advantages as well as the limits of these cell lines.

Parthenogenesis as an approach to pluripotency : Advantages and limitations involved / T. Brevini, G. Pennarossa, S. Antonini, F. Gandolfi. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS. - ISSN 1550-8943. - 4:3(2008 Sep), pp. 127-135.

Parthenogenesis as an approach to pluripotency : Advantages and limitations involved

T. Brevini
Primo
;
G. Pennarossa
Secondo
;
S. Antonini
Penultimo
;
F. Gandolfi
Ultimo
2008-09

Abstract

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are invaluable cells derived from the inner cell mass of the mammalian blastocyst. They have nearly indefinite self-renewal, retain their developmental potential after prolonged periods in culture and display great plasticity that allow them to differentiate into all cell types of the body. They provide exciting opportunities to develop unique models for developmental research and hold great potential for cell and tissue replacement therapy. However, these unique cells cannot be obtained without destroying an embryo and, despite the potential therapeutic usefulness, their derivation in the human raises substantial ethical as well as legal and political concerns because it unavoidably involves the destruction of viable embryos. In the recent years a number of scientific proposals that do not require the generation and subsequent destruction of human embryos have been put forward in an attempt to fill the gap between ethical questions and potential scientific and medical benefits. In this review we briefly summarize data obtained from the literature related to these different alternative approaches and focus in more details on our experience in the derivation of parthenothes, as a possible alternative source for pluripotent cells, discussing the advantages as well as the limits of these cell lines.
Embryo; Parthenogenesis; Pluripotency
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/55570
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