Quadruple wild-type (WT) gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a genomic subgroup lacking KIT/PDGFRA/RAS pathway mutations, with an intact succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) complex. The aim of this work is to perform a wide comprehensive genomic study on quadruple WT GIST to improve the characterization of these patients. We selected 14 clinical cases of quadruple WT GIST of which nine cases showed sufficient DNA quality for whole exome sequencing (WES). NF1 alterations were identified directly by WES. Gene expression from whole transcriptome sequencing (WTS) and miRNA profiling were performed using fresh-frozen, quadruple WT GIST tissue specimens and compared with SDH and KIT/PDGFRA-mutant GIST. WES identified an average of 18 somatic mutations per sample. The most relevant somatic oncogenic mutations identified were in TP53, MEN1, MAX, FGF1R, CHD4, and CTDNN2. No somatic alterations in NF1 were identified in the analyzed cohort. A total of 247 mRNA transcripts and 66 miRNAs were differentially expressed specifically in quadruple WT GIST. Overexpression of specific molecular markers (COL22A1 and CALCRL) and genes involved in neural and neuroendocrine lineage (ASCL1, Family B GPCRs) were detected and further supported by predicted miRNA target analysis. Quadruple WT GIST show a specific genetic signature that deviates significantly from that of KIT/PDGFRA-mutant and SDH-mutant GIST. Mutations in MEN1 and MAX genes, a neural-committed phenotype and upregulation of the master neuroendocrine regulator ASCL1, support a genetic similarity with neuroendocrine tumors, with whom they also share the great variability in oncogenic driver genes.
|Titolo:||Genome-wide analysis identifies MEN1 and MAX mutations and a neuroendocrine-like molecular heterogeneity in Quadruple WT GIST|
|Parole Chiave:||Adult; Aged; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; Female; Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors; Gene Expression Profiling; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Male; MicroRNAs; Middle Aged; Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Sequence Analysis, RNA; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Whole Exome Sequencing; Mutation; Molecular Biology; Oncology; Cancer Research|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-16-0376|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|