The fabrication of biomaterials for interaction with muscle cells has attracted significant interest in the last decades. However, 3D porous scaffolds featured by a relatively low stiffness (almost matching the natural muscle one) and highly stable in response to cyclic loadings are not available at present, in this context. This work describes 3D polyurethane-based porous scaffolds featured by different mechanical properties. Biomaterial stiffness was finely tuned by varying the cross-linking degree of the starting foam. Compression tests revealed, for the softest material formulation, stiffness values close to the ones possessed by natural skeletal muscles. The materials were also characterized in terms of local nanoindenting, rheometric properties and long-term stability through cyclic compressions, in a strain range reflecting the contraction extent of natural muscles. Preliminary in vitro tests revealed a preferential adhesion of C2C12 skeletal muscle cells over the softer, rougher and more porous structures. All the material formulations showed low cytotoxicity.

3D porous polyurethanes featured by different mechanical properties : Characterization and interaction with skeletal muscle cells / L. Vannozzi, L. Ricotti, T. Santaniello, T. Terencio, R. Oropesa-Nunez, C. Canale, F. Borghi, A. Menciassi, C. Lenardi, I. Gerges. - In: JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 1751-6161. - 75(2017 Nov), pp. 147-159. [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.07.018]

3D porous polyurethanes featured by different mechanical properties : Characterization and interaction with skeletal muscle cells

T. Santaniello;F. Borghi;C. Lenardi;I. Gerges
2017-11

Abstract

The fabrication of biomaterials for interaction with muscle cells has attracted significant interest in the last decades. However, 3D porous scaffolds featured by a relatively low stiffness (almost matching the natural muscle one) and highly stable in response to cyclic loadings are not available at present, in this context. This work describes 3D polyurethane-based porous scaffolds featured by different mechanical properties. Biomaterial stiffness was finely tuned by varying the cross-linking degree of the starting foam. Compression tests revealed, for the softest material formulation, stiffness values close to the ones possessed by natural skeletal muscles. The materials were also characterized in terms of local nanoindenting, rheometric properties and long-term stability through cyclic compressions, in a strain range reflecting the contraction extent of natural muscles. Preliminary in vitro tests revealed a preferential adhesion of C2C12 skeletal muscle cells over the softer, rougher and more porous structures. All the material formulations showed low cytotoxicity.
biomaterial mechanical properties; cyclic loading; mechanical testing; polyurethane; rheometric properties; skeletal muscle; tissue engineering; animals; biocompatible materials; cell line; mice; muscle fibers, skeletal; muscle, skeletal; polyurethanes; porosity; tissue engineering; tissue scaffolds; biomaterials; biomedical engineering; mechanics of materials
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/555206
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