Owing to their low glass transition temperature, Tg, amorphous thin films of N,N′-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)benzidine (TPD) undergo morphological changes even at room temperature. It has been noticed previously that exposure to UV light can increase apparent Tg of TPD films and thus stabilize their morphology. However, the reason behind increase in structural stability was not examined at the time. Here we present evidence that TPD molecules undergo photo-oxidation in air when exposed to λ ≈ 350 nm radiation and that less than 5% of the photo-oxidized species are needed to prevent dewetting of thin TPD films. We propose that photo-oxidized TPD species bind strongly to both ordinary TPD molecules and to terminal hydroxyl groups at the substrate surface, which decreases mobility of TPD molecules and makes thin TPD film less prone to morphology changes.

Stabilization of N,N′-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)benzidine thin film morphology with UV light / A.Z. Tomović, N. Markešević, M. Scarpellini, S. Bovio, E. Lucenti, P. Milani, R. Zikic, V.P. Jovanović, V.I. Srdanov. - In: THIN SOLID FILMS. - ISSN 0040-6090. - 562(2014), pp. 99-103. [10.1016/j.tsf.2014.03.081]

Stabilization of N,N′-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)benzidine thin film morphology with UV light

M. Scarpellini;S. Bovio;E. Lucenti;P. Milani;
2014

Abstract

Owing to their low glass transition temperature, Tg, amorphous thin films of N,N′-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)benzidine (TPD) undergo morphological changes even at room temperature. It has been noticed previously that exposure to UV light can increase apparent Tg of TPD films and thus stabilize their morphology. However, the reason behind increase in structural stability was not examined at the time. Here we present evidence that TPD molecules undergo photo-oxidation in air when exposed to λ ≈ 350 nm radiation and that less than 5% of the photo-oxidized species are needed to prevent dewetting of thin TPD films. We propose that photo-oxidized TPD species bind strongly to both ordinary TPD molecules and to terminal hydroxyl groups at the substrate surface, which decreases mobility of TPD molecules and makes thin TPD film less prone to morphology changes.
Mass spectroscopy; Morphology; N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N, N'-bis(phenyl)benzidine; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Organic semiconductors; Thin films; Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials; Surfaces and Interfaces; Surfaces, Coatings and Films; 2506; Materials Chemistry; 2506; Metals and Alloys
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
THIN SOLID FILMS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/555008
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