PURPOSE: Acute toxicity in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) has a crucial role in compliance to treatments. The aim of this study was to correlate doses to swallowing-associated structures and acute dysphagia. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 42 H&N cancer patients treated with RT. Dysphagia (grade ≥ 3) and indication for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion were classified as acute toxicity. Ten swallowing-related structures were considered for the dosimetric analysis. The correlation between clinical information and the dose absorbed by the contoured structures was analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression method using resampling methods (bootstrapping) was applied to select model order and parameters for normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) modelling. RESULTS: A strong multiple correlation between dosimetric parameters was found. A two-variable model was suggested as the optimal order by bootstrap method. The optimal model (Rs = 0.452, p < 0.001) includes V45 of the cervical esophagus (odds ratio [OR] = 1.016) and Dmean of the cricopharyngeal muscle (OR = 1.057). The model area under the curve was 0.82 (95% confidence interval 0.69-0.95). CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that the absorbed dose to the cricopharyngeal muscle and cervical esophagus might play a relevant role in the development of acute RT-related dysphagia.
Radiation-induced acute dysphagia : prospective observational study on 42 head and neck cancer patients / D. Alterio, M.A. Gerardi, L. Cella, R. Spoto, V. Zurlo, A. Sabbatini, C. Fodor, V. D’Avino, M. Conson, F. Valoriani, D. Ciardo, R. Pacelli, A. Ferrari, P. Maisonneuve, L. Preda, R. Bruschini, M. Cossu Rocca, E. Rondi, S. Colangione, G. Palma, S. Dicuonzo, R. Orecchia, G. Sanguineti, B.A. Jereczek-Fossa. - In: STRAHLENTHERAPIE UND ONKOLOGIE. - ISSN 0179-7158. - 193:11(2017), pp. 971-981.
|Titolo:||Radiation-induced acute dysphagia : prospective observational study on 42 head and neck cancer patients|
|Parole Chiave:||Acute toxicity; Cricopharyngeal muscle; Esophagus; Radiotherapy; Swallowing defects; Adult; Aged; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Deglutition; Deglutition Disorders; Enteral Nutrition; Esophagus; Female; Gastrostomy; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms; Pharyngeal Muscles; Prospective Studies; Radiation Injuries; Radiotherapy Dosage; Statistics as Topic; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging; Oncology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-017-1206-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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