Background: The presence of hypovitaminosis D in patients with autoimmune bullous skin diseases, such as pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and bullous pemphigoid (BP), is debated. In a previous study we found an increased prevalence of vertebral fractures (VFx) and hypovitaminosis D in PV and BP patients. The present study extends the sample size of the previous one, for investigating the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHVitD) levels in relation with the skeletal health and disease intensity in these patients. Methods: The previous study was performed in 13 PV and 15 BP patients and 28 controls. Data from 39 additional patients (22 PV and 17 BP) were now added. Eventually, we studied 67 patients (35 PV, 32 BP, 51 females), aged 64.7 ± 16.9 years and 67 age-gender- and body mass index-matched controls. In all subjects, serum 25OHVitD, calcium and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were measured, bone mineral density (BMD) was evaluated by Dual-energy X-ray. Absorptiometry at lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) and the presence of VFx were ascertained by visual assessment from spinal radiographs. In patients, the disease intensity was evaluated by the autoimmune bullous skin disorder intensity score (ABSIS). Results: As compared with controls, both PV and BP patients showed lower 25OHVitD (22.2 ± 11.1 vs 13.9 ± 8.3 ng/mL, p < 0.001 and 22.4 ± 14.9 vs 9.5 ± 7.7 ng/mL, p < 0.0001, respectively) and higher prevalence of severe hypovitaminosis D (22.9 vs 48.6%, p < 0.02 and 31.1 vs 75.0%, p < 0.0001, respectively) and VFx (28.6 vs 57.1%, p = 0.03 and 34.4 vs 62.5%, P = 0.02, respectively). In both PV and BP patients, LS and FN BMD did not differ from controls. In the whole patients' group, ABSIS score was inversely associated with 25OHVitD levels (R =.0.36, p < 0.005), regardless of age (â =.3.2, P = 0.009). Conclusions: PV and BP patients have an increased prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and VFx. The extended study shows, for the first time, that the 25OHVitD levels are inversely associated with disease intensity and that VFx occur in spite of a not reduced BMD.

Vitamin D and skeletal health in autoimmune bullous skin diseases: A case control study / A.V. Marzano, V. Trevisan, E. Cairoli, C. Eller-Vainicher, V. Morelli, A. Spada, C. Crosti, I. Chiodini. - In: ORPHANET JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES. - ISSN 1750-1172. - 10:1(2015), pp. 8.1-8.7. [10.1186/s13023-015-0230-0]

Vitamin D and skeletal health in autoimmune bullous skin diseases: A case control study

A.V. Marzano;V. Trevisan;E. Cairoli;C. Eller-Vainicher;V. Morelli;C. Crosti;I. Chiodini
2015

Abstract

Background: The presence of hypovitaminosis D in patients with autoimmune bullous skin diseases, such as pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and bullous pemphigoid (BP), is debated. In a previous study we found an increased prevalence of vertebral fractures (VFx) and hypovitaminosis D in PV and BP patients. The present study extends the sample size of the previous one, for investigating the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHVitD) levels in relation with the skeletal health and disease intensity in these patients. Methods: The previous study was performed in 13 PV and 15 BP patients and 28 controls. Data from 39 additional patients (22 PV and 17 BP) were now added. Eventually, we studied 67 patients (35 PV, 32 BP, 51 females), aged 64.7 ± 16.9 years and 67 age-gender- and body mass index-matched controls. In all subjects, serum 25OHVitD, calcium and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were measured, bone mineral density (BMD) was evaluated by Dual-energy X-ray. Absorptiometry at lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) and the presence of VFx were ascertained by visual assessment from spinal radiographs. In patients, the disease intensity was evaluated by the autoimmune bullous skin disorder intensity score (ABSIS). Results: As compared with controls, both PV and BP patients showed lower 25OHVitD (22.2 ± 11.1 vs 13.9 ± 8.3 ng/mL, p < 0.001 and 22.4 ± 14.9 vs 9.5 ± 7.7 ng/mL, p < 0.0001, respectively) and higher prevalence of severe hypovitaminosis D (22.9 vs 48.6%, p < 0.02 and 31.1 vs 75.0%, p < 0.0001, respectively) and VFx (28.6 vs 57.1%, p = 0.03 and 34.4 vs 62.5%, P = 0.02, respectively). In both PV and BP patients, LS and FN BMD did not differ from controls. In the whole patients' group, ABSIS score was inversely associated with 25OHVitD levels (R =.0.36, p < 0.005), regardless of age (â =.3.2, P = 0.009). Conclusions: PV and BP patients have an increased prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and VFx. The extended study shows, for the first time, that the 25OHVitD levels are inversely associated with disease intensity and that VFx occur in spite of a not reduced BMD.
Autoimmune bullous skin diseases; Vertebral fractures; Vitamin D; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Autoimmune Diseases; Case-Control Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Pemphigoid, Bullous; Pemphigus; Vitamin D; Vitamin D Deficiency; Bone Density; Genetics (clinical); Pharmacology (medical)
Settore MED/35 - Malattie Cutanee e Veneree
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Marzano-Trevisan-Cairoli - Vitamin D and skeletal health ... - (OJRD 2015).pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 453.85 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
453.85 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/554166
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact