The relation of breast cancer to social and dietary variables was evaluated in a case-control study of 368 women with breast cancer admitted to the General Hospital of Pordenone (a town in the eastern side of Northern Italy) and 373 age-matched controls. Occupation was related to the risk of breast cancer, housewives and non-manual workers (teachers and other professionals, clerical workers, etc.) showing relative risks of 1.7 and 2.4 respectively when compared to women occupied in agriculture. The role of education was apparently less important, and not statistically significant. The risk was higher in women who were obese, the trend of increasing risk with increasing body mass index being confined to post-menopausal women. When indicators of dietary fat intake were analysed, a significantly increased risk was found with more frequent consumption of milk and dairy products but the risk estimates were only slightly above unity with reference to meat consumption. Women who drank alcoholic beverages showed a relative risk of 2.5 compared to women who had never drunk, when allowance was made for all identified potential confounding factors. The association between alcohol and breast cancer was not explained by the other dietary variables considered, and the risk estimates were higher for women who drank more wine, or more than one type of alcoholic beverage. Thus, the findings of the present study give evidence in favour of the hypothesis that alcohol consumption is related to the risk of breast cancer.
|Titolo:||Social factors, diet and breast cancer in a northern Italian population|
LA VECCHIA, CARLO VITANTONIO BATTISTA (Secondo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Milk; Humans; Aged; Breast Neoplasms; Alcohol Drinking; Italy; Socioeconomic Factors; Body Weight; Risk; Adult; Middle Aged; Diet; Dairy Products; Female; Menopause|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-1984|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/bjc.1984.114|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|