AIM: To investigate late gastrointestinal toxicity in a large pooled population of prostate cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy. Normal tissue complication probability models were developed for late stool frequency and late rectal pain. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Population included 1336 patients, 3-year minimum follow-up, treated with 66-80Gy. Toxicity was scored with LENT-SOMA-scale. Two toxicity endpoints were considered: grade ⩾2 rectal pain and mean grade (average score during follow-up) in stool frequency >1. DVHs of anorectum were reduced to equivalent uniform dose (EUD). The best-value of the volume parameter n was determined through numerical optimization. Association between EUD/clinical factors and the endpoints was investigated by logistic analyses. Likelihood, Brier-score and calibration were used to evaluate models. External calibration was also carried out. RESULTS: 4% of patients (45/1122) reported mean stool frequency grade >1; grade ⩾2 rectal pain was present in the TROG 03.04 RADAR population only (21/677, 3.1%): for this endpoint, the analysis was limited to this population. Analysis of DVHs highlighted the importance of mid-range doses (30-50Gy) for both endpoints. EUDs calculated with n=1 (OR=1.04) and n=0.35 (OR=1.06) were the most suitable dosimetric descriptors for stool frequency and rectal pain respectively. The final models included EUD and cardiovascular diseases (OR=1.78) for stool frequency and EUD and presence of acute gastrointestinal toxicity (OR=4.2) for rectal pain. CONCLUSION: Best predictors of stool frequency and rectal pain are consistent with findings previously reported for late faecal incontinence, indicating an important role in optimization of mid-range dose region to minimize these symptoms highly impacting the quality-of-life of long surviving patients.
|Titolo:||Modelling late stool frequency and rectal pain after radical radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients : results from a large pooled population|
|Parole Chiave:||Dose-volume models; Late toxicity; Prostate cancer; Radiotherapy; Biophysics; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging; Physics and Astronomy (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ejmp.2016.09.018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|