OBJECTIVE: The frailty syndrome is associated with adverse clinical outcomes independently of cognitive impairment. The recent easy-to-apply Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) criteria for frailty could be useful to diagnose such syndrome also in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The aim of this study was to apply these criteria among AD outpatients in order to determine: (i) the prevalence and correlates of frailty and (ii) the one-year predictors of death in this population. METHOD: This prospective cohort study enrolled 109 community-dwelling outpatients aged 65+ (median age 84 years) consecutively diagnosed with AD at a geriatric outpatient service in Italy in 2009. At baseline, participants underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment including the evaluation of frailty status by means of the SOF criteria. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to find correlates of frailty. At a one-year follow-up, data on mortality were available for 95 participants and predictors of death were evaluated by means of multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Most participants had mild (52%) or moderate (29%) dementia. Frailty status was defined for all subjects at baseline: 25 (22%) were robust, 30 (28%) pre-frail and 54 (50%) frail. Independent correlates of frailty were age and dependence in the basic activities of daily living, and in particular in dressing. One year after enrolment, frailty was an independent predictor of death (odds ratio 11.27, 95% confidence interval 1.64-77.72, p = 0.014) after correction for age, sex, dependence in the basic activities of daily living, severity of cognitive impairment and comorbidity. CONCLUSION: Frailty status was diagnosed according to the SOF criteria in all AD outpatients and it was an independent one-year predictor of death. In order to provide them with appropriate prognostic evaluation and therapeutic advice all AD outpatients, especially those with specific disabilities, could be screened by means of the SOF criteria for frailty.

Frailty syndrome diagnosed according to the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures criteria and mortality in older outpatients suffering from Alzheimer' disease: a one-year prospectic cohort study / C. Bilotta, L. Bergamaschini, P. Nicolini, A. Casè, G. Pina, P. Rossi, C. Vergani. - In: AGING & MENTAL HEALTH. - ISSN 1360-7863. - 16:3(2012), pp. 273-280.

Frailty syndrome diagnosed according to the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures criteria and mortality in older outpatients suffering from Alzheimer' disease: a one-year prospectic cohort study

C. Bilotta
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
L. Bergamaschini
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
P. Nicolini
Data Curation
;
A. Casè
Data Curation
;
G. Pina
Data Curation
;
P. Rossi
Data Curation
;
C. Vergani
Ultimo
Supervision
2012

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The frailty syndrome is associated with adverse clinical outcomes independently of cognitive impairment. The recent easy-to-apply Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) criteria for frailty could be useful to diagnose such syndrome also in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The aim of this study was to apply these criteria among AD outpatients in order to determine: (i) the prevalence and correlates of frailty and (ii) the one-year predictors of death in this population. METHOD: This prospective cohort study enrolled 109 community-dwelling outpatients aged 65+ (median age 84 years) consecutively diagnosed with AD at a geriatric outpatient service in Italy in 2009. At baseline, participants underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment including the evaluation of frailty status by means of the SOF criteria. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to find correlates of frailty. At a one-year follow-up, data on mortality were available for 95 participants and predictors of death were evaluated by means of multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Most participants had mild (52%) or moderate (29%) dementia. Frailty status was defined for all subjects at baseline: 25 (22%) were robust, 30 (28%) pre-frail and 54 (50%) frail. Independent correlates of frailty were age and dependence in the basic activities of daily living, and in particular in dressing. One year after enrolment, frailty was an independent predictor of death (odds ratio 11.27, 95% confidence interval 1.64-77.72, p = 0.014) after correction for age, sex, dependence in the basic activities of daily living, severity of cognitive impairment and comorbidity. CONCLUSION: Frailty status was diagnosed according to the SOF criteria in all AD outpatients and it was an independent one-year predictor of death. In order to provide them with appropriate prognostic evaluation and therapeutic advice all AD outpatients, especially those with specific disabilities, could be screened by means of the SOF criteria for frailty.
activities of daily living; Alzheimer's disease; frailty syndrome; older outpatients; mortality
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
14-nov-2011
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/550250
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