Background and Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] patients are still under-diagnosed or diagnosed with serious delay. We examined whether diagnostic delay [DD] in IBD has changed over the last 60 years, and explored the risk factors of longer DD. Methods: In total, 3392 IBD patients recorded in the registry of four IBD Italian centres were divided according to the year of diagnosis into a historical cohort [HC: 1955–84] and modern cohort [MC: 1985–2014]. DD, i.e. time lapse between onset of symptoms indicative of IBD and definitive diagnosis, was divided into four sub-periods [0–6, 7–12, 13–24, >24 months], which were correlated with age and disease location/behaviour at diagnosis. Results: Median DD in IBD was 3.0 months, it was significantly [P < 0.0001] higher in Crohn's disease [CD] [7.1 months] than in ulcerative colitis [UC] [2.0 months], and did not differ either between the HC and the MC or over the last three decades. However, the proportion of patients with a DD>24 months was significantly [P < 0.0001] higher in the HC [26.0%] than in the MC [18.2%], and the same trend was evident over the last three decades [1985–94: 19.9%; 1995–2004: 16.4%; 2005–14: 13.9%; P = 0.04]. At logistic regression analysis, age at diagnosis >40 years (CD: odds ratio 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31–2.28, P < 0.0001; UC: 1.41, 95% CI 1.02–1.96, P = 0.04) and complicated disease at CD diagnosis [1.39, 95% CI 1.06–1.82, P = 0.02] were independently associated with a DD>24 months. Conclusions: DD duration has not changed over the last 60 years in Italy, but the number of IBD patients with a longer DD significantly decreased. Older age at diagnosis and a complicated disease at CD diagnosis are risk factors for longer DD.

The time course of diagnostic delay in inflammatory bowel disease over the last sixty years : An Italian multicentre study / L. Cantoro, A. Di Sabatino, C. Papi, G. Margagnoni, S. Ardizzone, P. Giuffrida, D. Giannarelli, A. Massari, R. Monterubbianesi, M.V. Lenti, G.R. Corazza, A. Kohn. - In: JOURNAL OF CROHN'S AND COLITIS. - ISSN 1873-9946. - 11:8(2017 Aug), pp. 975-980. [10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx041]

The time course of diagnostic delay in inflammatory bowel disease over the last sixty years : An Italian multicentre study

S. Ardizzone;P. Giuffrida;A. Massari;M.V. Lenti;
2017

Abstract

Background and Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] patients are still under-diagnosed or diagnosed with serious delay. We examined whether diagnostic delay [DD] in IBD has changed over the last 60 years, and explored the risk factors of longer DD. Methods: In total, 3392 IBD patients recorded in the registry of four IBD Italian centres were divided according to the year of diagnosis into a historical cohort [HC: 1955–84] and modern cohort [MC: 1985–2014]. DD, i.e. time lapse between onset of symptoms indicative of IBD and definitive diagnosis, was divided into four sub-periods [0–6, 7–12, 13–24, >24 months], which were correlated with age and disease location/behaviour at diagnosis. Results: Median DD in IBD was 3.0 months, it was significantly [P < 0.0001] higher in Crohn's disease [CD] [7.1 months] than in ulcerative colitis [UC] [2.0 months], and did not differ either between the HC and the MC or over the last three decades. However, the proportion of patients with a DD>24 months was significantly [P < 0.0001] higher in the HC [26.0%] than in the MC [18.2%], and the same trend was evident over the last three decades [1985–94: 19.9%; 1995–2004: 16.4%; 2005–14: 13.9%; P = 0.04]. At logistic regression analysis, age at diagnosis >40 years (CD: odds ratio 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31–2.28, P < 0.0001; UC: 1.41, 95% CI 1.02–1.96, P = 0.04) and complicated disease at CD diagnosis [1.39, 95% CI 1.06–1.82, P = 0.02] were independently associated with a DD>24 months. Conclusions: DD duration has not changed over the last 60 years in Italy, but the number of IBD patients with a longer DD significantly decreased. Older age at diagnosis and a complicated disease at CD diagnosis are risk factors for longer DD.
age at diagnosis; Crohn's disease; disease behaviour; misdiagnosis; ulcerative colitis; gastroenterology
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
ago-2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/549369
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