We study the time evolution of a one-dimensional interacting fermion system described by the Luttinger model starting from a nonequilibrium state defined by a smooth temperature profile T (x). As a specific example we consider the case when T (x) is equal to T-L (T-R) far to the left (right). Using a series expansion in epsilon = 2(T-R -T-L)/(T-L + T-R), we compute the energy density, the heat current density, and the fermion two-point correlation function for all times t >= 0. For local (delta-function) interactions, the first two are computed to all orders, giving simple exact expressions involving the Schwarzian derivative of the integral of T (x). For nonlocal interactions, breaking scale invariance, we compute the nonequilibrium steady state (NESS) to all orders and the evolution to first order in epsilon. The heat current in the NESS is universal even when conformal invariance is broken by the interactions, and its dependence on T-L,T-R agrees with numerical results for the XXZ spin chain. Moreover, our analytical formulas predict peaks at short times in the transition region between different temperatures and show dispersion effects that, even if nonuniversal, are qualitatively similar to ones observed in numerical simulations for related models, such as spin chains and interacting lattice fermions.
|Titolo:||Time evolution of the Luttinger model with nonuniform temperature profile|
MASTROPIETRO, VIERI (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||electronic, optical and magnetic materials; condensed matter physics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-giu-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235142|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|