β2-Microglobulin (β2m) is the light chain component of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I). β2m is an intrinsically amyloidogenic protein that can assemble into amyloid fibrils in vitro and in vivo. Several recent reports suggested that the polypeptide loop comprised between β-strands D and E of β2m is important for protein stability and for the protein propensity to aggregate as amyloid fibrils. In particular, the roles of Trp60 for MHC-I assembly and β2m stability have been highlighted by showing that the β2m Trp60 → Gly mutant is more stable and less prone to aggregation than the wild type protein. To further analyse such properties, the Trp60 → Cys and Asp59 → Pro β2m mutants have been expressed, purified, and their crystal structures determined. The stability to thermal denaturation and propensity to fibrillar aggregation have also been analysed. The experimental evidences gathered on the two mutants reinforce the hypothesis that conformational strain in the DE loop can affect β2m stability and amyloid aggregation properties.
|Titolo:||DE loop mutations affect β2-microglobulin stability and amyloid aggregation|
|Parole Chiave:||β2-Microglobulin; Amyloid fibrils; Dialysis-related amyloidosis; Protein thermal stability; Protein X-ray structure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.09.108|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|