Acute phase reaction (APR) is a systemic inflammation triggered by several conditions associated with lipid profile alterations. We evaluated whether APR also associates with changes in cholesterol synthesis and absorption, HDL structure, composition, and cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC). We analyzed 59 subjects with APR related to infections, oncologic causes, or autoimmune diseases and 39 controls. We detected no difference in markers of cholesterol synthesis and absorption. Conversely, a significant reduction of LpA-I- and LpAI:AII-containing HDL (28% and 44.8%, respectively) and of medium-sized HDL (10.5%) occurred in APR. Total HDL CEC was impaired in APR subjects (18%). Evaluating specific CEC pathways, we found significant reductions in CEC by aqueous diffusion and by the transporters scavenger receptor B-I and ABCG1 (25.5, 41.1 and 30.4%, respectively). ABCA1-mediated CEC was not affected. Analyses adjusted for age and gender provided similar results. In addition, correcting for HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, the differences in aqueous diffusion total and ABCG1-CEC remained significant. APR subjects displayed higher levels of HDL serum amyloid A (+20-folds; P = 0.003). In conclusion, APR does not associate with cholesterol synthesis and absorption changes but with alterations of HDL composition and a marked impairment of HDL CEC, partly independent of HDL-C serum level reduction.—Zimetti, F., S. De Vuono, M. Gomaraschi, M. P. Adorni, E. Favari, N. Ronda, M. A. Ricci, F. Veglia, L. Calabresi, and G. Lupattelli. Plasma cholesterol homeostasis, HDL remodeling and function during the acute phase reaction.
Plasma cholesterol homeostasis, HDL remodeling and function during the acute phase reaction / F. Zimetti1, S. De Vuono, M. Gomaraschi, M.P. Adorni, E. Favari, N. Ronda, M.A. Ricci, F. Veglia, L. Calabresi, G. Lupattelli. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - 58:10(2017 Oct), pp. 2051-2060.
|Titolo:||Plasma cholesterol homeostasis, HDL remodeling and function during the acute phase reaction|
|Parole Chiave:||campesterol; cholesterol absorption; cholesterol biosynthesis; cholesterol efflux; HDL structure; inflammation; lathosterol; lipoproteins; sitosterol; serum amyloid A|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1194/jlr.P076463|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|