Leptin, a hormone produced by adipose tissue, reduces food intake and boosts energy expenditure via activation of the JAK2-STAT3 signalling pathway in adult mammal hypothalamic neurons. It is found in blood early after birth, peaking around postnatal day (P) 10. The hypothalamus of neonatal mice administered intraperitoneal leptin (3 mg/kg of body weight) was investigated for phospho-STAT3-positive cells to gain insights into the timing of maturation of the leptin signal transduction system. Leptin responsiveness was first detected in arcuate nucleus, where it was faint at P1 and evident from P5. It was then identified in medial preoptic area, anterior hypothalamus, retrochiasmatic area, dorsomedial nucleus and premammillary nucleus from P7, and in ventromedial nucleus and lateral hypothalamus from P11. From P13 onwards, hypothalamic P-STAT3 staining was indistinguishable from that of adult mice. Significant hypothalamic STAT3 activation was also detected by Western blotting at P11 and P15. The level of activation seen in adults was comparable to that observed at P15 although, remarkably, leptin-induced feeding reduction is observed only after the fourth postnatal week. Neuronal and glial markers and double-labelling immunohistochemistry showed that leptin-stimulated hypothalamic cells that had already reached their final position in a given area or nucleus were neurons; however, leptin responsiveness preceded positivity for the neuronal markers, suggesting a not fully differentiated status. Interestingly, leptin also increased P-STAT3 and c-Fos immunoreactivity in a distinctive and transient (from P5 to P13) cell population found in the dorsal part of the third ventricle and in subependymal position. These cells did not express mature or immature neuronal or glial markers. Their ultrastructural appearance, though suggestive of differentiating cells, was not conclusive for a specific phenotype.
|Titolo:||Leptin-dependent STAT3 phosphorylation in postnatal mouse hypothalamus|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-giu-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.brainres.2008.03.078|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|