Transglutaminases are calcium-dependent enzymes that catalyze a post-translational modification of proteins through the formation of ε-(γ-glutamyl)lysine bonds. Although specific roles for transglutaminases have been described, recent findings have provided evidence that dysregulation of transglutaminases may contribute to many pathological processes including celiac disease and neurodegenerative diseases. A crucial step in the elucidation of biological and pathological roles of transglutaminases requires the identification of protein substrates. A strategy based on a functional proteomic analysis was set up using two well-characterized biotinylated transglutaminase substrates as affinity probes: 5-(biotinamido)pentylamine and the synthetic biotinylated peptide TVQQEL, the amino- and acyl-donor probes, respectively. A pool of known tissue type transglutaminase protein substrates was selected in order to test the procedure. Results obtained in this paper indicate that the whole strategy can be successfully applied in order to identify transglutaminases protein substrates as well as the amino acid site sensitive toward enzyme activity.
Analysis of transglutaminase protein substrates by functional proteomics / M. Ruoppolo, S. Orrù, A. D'Amato, S. Francese, P. Rovero, G. Marino, C. Esposito. - In: PROTEIN SCIENCE. - ISSN 0961-8368. - 12:6(2003), pp. 1290-1297.
|Titolo:||Analysis of transglutaminase protein substrates by functional proteomics|
|Parole Chiave:||Affinity probe; Functional proteomics; Protein identification; Tandem mass spectrometry; Transglutaminase; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1110/ps.0239103|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|