Drug resistance, one of the major obstacle in the successful anticancer therapy, can be observed at the outset of therapy (intrinsic resistance) or after exposure to the antitumor agent (acquired resistance). To gain a better insight into the mechanisms of intrinsic resistance we have analyzed two human cell types derived from untreated tumors: MCF-7 breast cancer and A549 non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We have examined: the cytotoxic effect induced by doxorubicin (DOX); the time course of drug accumulation by flow cytometry and intracellular drug distribution by confocal microscopy; the expression and distribution of proteins related to anthracycline resistance, such as P-gp (P-glycoprotein), MRP1 (multidrug resistance-associated protein) and LRP (lung resistance-related protein). The cytotoxicity assays showed that A549 cells were less sensitive than MCF-7 cells to the DOX treatment in agreement with the different DOX uptake. Moreover, while in A549 cells DOX was mostly located in well defined intracytoplasmic vesicles, in MCF-7 cells it was mainly revealed inside the nuclei. The analysis of P-gp and MRP expression did not show significant differences between the two cell lines while a high expression of LRP was detected at the nuclear envelope and cytoplasmic levels in A549 cells. These findings suggest that the lower sensitivity to DOX treatment showed by lung carcinoma cells could be ascribed to drug sequestration by LRP inside the cytoplasmic compartments.
|Titolo:||Role of the lung resistance related to protein (LRP) in the drug sensitivity in cultured tumor cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0887-2333(02)00035-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|