This article studies the effect of the lack of international harmonization in agri-food standards on international trade flows focusing on the European Union (EU). The EU is characterized by high level of protectionism, which makes it an ideal case study. We measure the differences in countries’ level of ‘protectionism’ by applying an index of aggregation of non-tariff measures to data on maximum residue levels on pesticides and veterinary drugs allowed by countries on agri-food products. The restrictiveness of countries standards’ is compared with the one imposed by the Codex Alimentarius, which is considered as non-protectionist. The EU emerges as the most rigorous standards setter. The higher standards imposed by the EU affect in particular imports from developing countries, while it facilitates its exports, irrespective of the level of development and standard restrictiveness set by the importing countries.

The (lack of) international harmonization of EU standards: import and export effects in developed versus developing countries / D. Curzi, L. Marsela, V. Raimondi, A. Olper. - In: APPLIED ECONOMICS LETTERS. - ISSN 1350-4851. - (2018). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1080/13504851.2018.1430327]

The (lack of) international harmonization of EU standards: import and export effects in developed versus developing countries

D. Curzi
Primo
;
V. Raimondi
Penultimo
;
A. Olper
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

This article studies the effect of the lack of international harmonization in agri-food standards on international trade flows focusing on the European Union (EU). The EU is characterized by high level of protectionism, which makes it an ideal case study. We measure the differences in countries’ level of ‘protectionism’ by applying an index of aggregation of non-tariff measures to data on maximum residue levels on pesticides and veterinary drugs allowed by countries on agri-food products. The restrictiveness of countries standards’ is compared with the one imposed by the Codex Alimentarius, which is considered as non-protectionist. The EU emerges as the most rigorous standards setter. The higher standards imposed by the EU affect in particular imports from developing countries, while it facilitates its exports, irrespective of the level of development and standard restrictiveness set by the importing countries.
Agri-food standards; maximum residue levels (MRLs); EU agri-food trade; harmonization
Settore AGR/01 - Economia ed Estimo Rurale
2018
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
The lack of international harmonization of food standards - AEL2018.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 739.09 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
739.09 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Curzi et al 2018 AEL pre-print.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pre-print (manoscritto inviato all'editore)
Dimensione 418.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
418.58 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/545996
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact