This study was designed to determine the modulatory effect of estrogen on mechanical stimulation in bone. Trabecular and cortical bone compartments of ovariectomized rats exposed to whole-body vibration of different amplitudes were evaluated by peripheral quantitative computed tomographic (pQCT) analysis and histomorphometry and compared to controls not exposed to vibration. Rats underwent whole-body vibration (20 minutes/day, 5 days/week) on a vibration platform for 2 months. The control rats were placed on the platform without vibration for the same time. We divided rats into six groups: a sham control (SHAM); a sham vibrated (SHAM-V) at 30 Hz, 0.6 g; a SHAM-V at 30 Hz, 3g; an ovariectomized control (OVX); an ovariectomized vibrated (OVX-V) at 30 Hz, 0.6 g; and an OVX-V at 30 Hz, 3g. In vivo, pQCT analyses of the tibiae were performed at the start of the experiment and after 4 and 8 weeks. After 8 weeks the tibiae were excised for histomorphometric and for in vitro pQCT analyses. In the SHAM-V group, vibration had no effect upon the different bone parameters. In the OVX-V group, vibration induced a significant increase compared to the OVX group of the cortical and medullary areas (P < 0.01) and of the periosteal (P < 0.01) and endosteal (P < 0.05) perimeters at the 3 g vibration. The strain strength index increased in the OVX-V group significantly (P < 0.01) at the higher vibration. The results showed that low-amplitude, high-frequency whole-body vibration is anabolic to bone in OVX animals. The osteogenic potential is limited to the modeling of the bone cortex and depends on the amplitude of the vibration.
|Titolo:||Ovariectomy sensitizes rat cortical bone to whole-body vibration|
|Autori interni:||GUIDOBONO CAVALCHINI, FRANCESCA (Penultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Bone density technology pQCT ; Mechanical loading ; Exercise ; Mechanotransduction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00223-008-9115-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|