Objective: To describe clinical, MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) features of a varicella zoster virus (VZV) related meningo-encephalo-myelitis (MEM) without rash in an immunocompetent female. Patient: An 85 year old immunocompetent woman with mild hyperthermia and acute, severe MEM. Intervention: Serum antibodies and CSF PCR were searched for several viruses. Brain and spinal cord MRI were performed. Immunological profile. Treatments: i.v. acyclovir 30 mg/kg/day; i.v. 6-MP 125 mg/day. Results: Marked CSF lymphomonocytic pleocytosis, blood-brainbarrier damage, and PCR detection of 3.05 X 10 6 copies of VZV DNA. MRI revealed lesions of the meninges, brain and spinal cord. No evidence of immunosuppression. Conclusion: We highlight the importance of considering the possibility of VZV related MEM, even in immunocompetent patients. We also provide a MRI description of VZV related multifocal myelitis, not previously available. As supported by other reports, we underline the necessity of a prompt therapeutic intervention in this life-threatening condition.
|Titolo:||Varicella zoster virus meningo-encephalo-myelitis in an immunocompetent patient|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10072-008-0982-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|