Background: Shrimp sensitization is common in the general population, but the presence of symptoms is only moderately related to sensitization. A point still at issue is which in vivo and/or in vitro tests (food challenge, component-resolved diagnosis, house dust mite [HDM] sensitization) can help in distinguishing shrimp-allergic subjects from subjects that are sensitized but tolerant. Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of IgE to the different shrimp and mite allergens in distinguishing shrimp challenge-positive from challenge-negative patients. Subjects with suspected hypersensitivity reactions to shrimp, positive skin prick tests (SPTs), and/or anti-shrimp IgE were submitted to open and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC). Specific IgE to shrimp, mites, and the recombinants rPen a 1, rDer p 1, 2, and 10 were tested using ImmunoCAP-FEIA. IgE immunoblotting was performed to identify the patients' allergenic profiles. Results: In total, 13 out of 51 (25.5%) patients with reported reactions to shrimp were truly shrimp allergic (7 DBPCFC positive and 6 with documented severe reactions). These patients had significantly higher skin test wheal diameters than nonallergic patients, as well as higher levels of IgE to rPen a 1 and rDer p 10. HDM-induced asthma and the simultaneous presence of anti-nDer p 1, 2, and 10 IgE levels increased the risk of true shrimp allergy. Conclusion: Food challenge tests are mandatory for the diagnosis of shrimp allergy. Tropomyosin is associated with clinical reactivity. HDM-induced asthma and anti-mite IgE are risk factors for shrimp allergy.

Mite-Induced Asthma and IgE Levels to Shrimp, Mite, Tropomyosin, Arginine Kinase, and Der p 10 Are the Most Relevant Risk Factors for Challenge-Proven Shrimp Allergy / F. Laura, L.M. Losappio, G. Maria Gabriella, P. Valerio, G. Micarelli, N. Michele, S. Joseph, M. Corrado, C. Laura, L. Cristina, L.G. Balossi, E.A. Pastorello. - In: INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1018-2438. - 174:3-4(2017), pp. 133-143. [10.1159/000481985]

Mite-Induced Asthma and IgE Levels to Shrimp, Mite, Tropomyosin, Arginine Kinase, and Der p 10 Are the Most Relevant Risk Factors for Challenge-Proven Shrimp Allergy

G. Micarelli;L.G. Balossi;E.A. Pastorello
2017

Abstract

Background: Shrimp sensitization is common in the general population, but the presence of symptoms is only moderately related to sensitization. A point still at issue is which in vivo and/or in vitro tests (food challenge, component-resolved diagnosis, house dust mite [HDM] sensitization) can help in distinguishing shrimp-allergic subjects from subjects that are sensitized but tolerant. Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of IgE to the different shrimp and mite allergens in distinguishing shrimp challenge-positive from challenge-negative patients. Subjects with suspected hypersensitivity reactions to shrimp, positive skin prick tests (SPTs), and/or anti-shrimp IgE were submitted to open and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC). Specific IgE to shrimp, mites, and the recombinants rPen a 1, rDer p 1, 2, and 10 were tested using ImmunoCAP-FEIA. IgE immunoblotting was performed to identify the patients' allergenic profiles. Results: In total, 13 out of 51 (25.5%) patients with reported reactions to shrimp were truly shrimp allergic (7 DBPCFC positive and 6 with documented severe reactions). These patients had significantly higher skin test wheal diameters than nonallergic patients, as well as higher levels of IgE to rPen a 1 and rDer p 10. HDM-induced asthma and the simultaneous presence of anti-nDer p 1, 2, and 10 IgE levels increased the risk of true shrimp allergy. Conclusion: Food challenge tests are mandatory for the diagnosis of shrimp allergy. Tropomyosin is associated with clinical reactivity. HDM-induced asthma and anti-mite IgE are risk factors for shrimp allergy.
Shrimp allergy; Tropomyosin; House dust mite allergy; Asthma
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/540639
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