Thyroid hormone resistance (RTH) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized clinically by goiter and biochemically by elevated circulating free thyroid hormone levels in the presence of measurable serum TSH concentrations. About 85% of patients with RTH are harboring mutations in thyroid hormone receptor beta (TRbeta). These mutations cluster in three different "hot spot" in the T3 binding domain of the receptor. When mapped to their homologous residues in the TR crystal structure, these three clusters of mutations border the T3-binding pocket. As a consequence, most TRbeta mutations impair the hormone binding to the receptor and interfere with the mechanism(s) of corepressor release and the consequent recruitment of coactivators. Thus, the remodeling of chromatin structure throughout the process of histone acetylation is prevented and the transcriptional activity of the mutant receptor on both positively and negatively regulated genes, severely disrupted. The lack of interaction with coactivators appears to be an additional mechanism for the dominant negative effects of mutant TRbeta on the transcriptional activity of the normal receptor.
Syndromes of thyroid hormone resistance / P. Beck-Peccoz , D. Mannavola , L.Persani. - In: ANNALES D'ENDOCRINOLOGIE. - ISSN 0003-4266. - 66:3(2005), pp. 264-269.
|Titolo:||Syndromes of thyroid hormone resistance|
BECK PECCOZ, PAOLO LUIGI MARIA (Primo)
MANNAVOLA, DEBORAH ELENA (Secondo)
PERSANI, LUCA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Resistenza alla T3, Tiroide, Ipertiroidismo centrale, TSH|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4266(05)81760-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|