We evaluated the impact of World Health Organization (WHO) classification and WHO classification–based Prognostic Scoring System (WPSS) on the outcome of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) between 1990 and 2006. Five-year overall survival (OS) was 80% in refractory anemias, 57% in refractory cytopenias, 51% in refractory anemia with excess blasts 1 (RAEB-1), 28% in RAEB-2, and 25% in acute leukemia from MDS (P =.001). Fiveyear probability of relapse was 9%, 22%, 24%, 56%, and 53%, respectively (P <.001). Five-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 14%, 39%, 38%, 34%, and 44%, respectively (P =.24). In multivariate analysis, WHO classification showed a significant effect on OS (P =.017) and probability of relapse (P =.01); transfusion dependency was associated with a reduced OS (P =.01) and increased TRM (P =.037), whereas WPSS showed a prognostic significance on both OS (P =.001) and probability of relapse (P <.001). In patients without excess blasts, multilineage dysplasia and transfusion dependency affected OS (P =.001 and P =.009, respectively), and were associated with an increased TRM (P =.013 and P =.031, respectively). In these patients, WPSS identified 2 groups with different OS and TRM. These data suggest that WHO classification and WPSS have a relevant prognostic value in posttransplantation outcome of MDS patients.
|Titolo:||WHO classification and WPSS predict posttransplantation outcome in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome : a study from the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Midollo Osseo(GITMO)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1182/blood-2008-03-143735|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|