This paper documents patterns in international trade costs in processed foods for a large cross-section of developing and developed countries, during the 1976-2000 period. A trade costs index is inferred from a micro-founded gravity equation that incorporates bilateral ‘iceberg’ trade costs. For 2000, the trade costs, expressed as weighted average tariff equivalent, range from 73% for the North to 134% for the South countries. The time patterns show an average reduction of about 13% in the observed period, that rises to 26% for the Emerging countries. However, the same does not occur for South countries. On ranking the trade costs determinants we find that, on average, geographical and historical factors seem to dominate those of infrastructure and institutions. However, trade policy emerges as an important determinant of trade costs between north and emerging countries.
|Titolo:||Patterns and determinants of international trade costs in the food industry|
|Autori interni:||OLPER, ALESSANDRO (Primo)|
RAIMONDI, VALENTINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Trade costs ; Gravity ; Processed Foods ; Geography ; Infrastructure ; Trade Policy ; Inequality|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/01 - Economia ed Estimo Rurale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1477-9552.2008.00185.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
- PubMed Central loading...