AIM: To undertook a systematic review to determine factors that increase a patient's risk of developing lower limb periprosthetic joint infections (PJI). METHODS: This systematic review included full-text studies that reviewed risk factors of developing either a hip or knee PJI following a primary arthroplasty published from January 1998 to November 2016. A variety of keywords were used to identify studies through international databases referencing hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty, infection, and risk factors. Studies were only included if they included greater than 20 patients in their study cohort, and there was clear documentation of the statistical parameter used; specifically P-value, hazard ratio, relative risk, or/and odds ratio (OR). Furthermore a quality assessment criteria for the individual studies was undertaken to evaluate the presence of record and reporting bias. RESULTS: Twenty-seven original studies reviewing risk factors relating to primary total hip and knee arthroplasty infections were included. Four studies (14.8%) reviewed PJI of the hip, 3 (11.21%) of the knee, and 20 (74.1%) reviewed both joints. Nineteen studies (70.4%) were retrospective and 8 (29.6%) prospective. Record bias was identified in the majority of studies (66.7%). The definition of PJI varied amongst the studies but there was a general consensus to define infection by previously validated methods. The most significant risks were the use of preoperative high dose steroids (OR = 21.0, 95%CI: 3.5-127.2, P < 0.001), a BMI above 50 (OR = 18.3, P < 0.001), tobacco use (OR = 12.76, 95%CI: 2.47-66.16, P = 0.017), body mass index below 20 (OR = 6.00, 95%CI: 1.2-30.9, P = 0.033), diabetes (OR = 5.47, 95%CI: 1.77-16.97, P = 0.003), and coronary artery disease (OR = 5.10, 95%CI: 1.3-19.8, P = 0.017). CONCLUSION: We have highlighted the need for the provider to optimise modifiable risk factors, and develop strategies to limit the impact of non-modifiable factors.
Predicting lower limb periprosthetic joint infections : a review of risk factors and their classification / G. David A, L. Drago, S. Scarponi, E. Gallazzi, H. Fares S, R. Carlo L.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF ORTHOPEDICS. - ISSN 2218-5836. - 8:5(2017 May 18), pp. 400-411.
|Titolo:||Predicting lower limb periprosthetic joint infections : a review of risk factors and their classification|
|Parole Chiave:||Hip arthroplasty; Knee arthroplasty; Periprosthetic joint infection; Predictive; Risk factor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-mag-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v8.i5.400|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|