Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a world wide public health problem of major concern. HBV infection may lead to chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Vaccination is the most effective measure to control and prevent hepatitis B and its long-term serious sequelae on global scale, both in terms of cost-effectiveness and benefit-cost ratios. According to the WHO recommendations, universal vaccination has been currently implemented in 168 countries world wide with an outstanding record of safety and efficacy. The effective implementation of such programmes of vaccination has resulted in a substantial decrease in disease burden, in the carrier rate and in hepatitis B-related morbidity and mortality. A future challenge is to overcome the social and economic hurdles which still hamper the introduction of hepatitis B vaccination on a global scale.
|Titolo:||The global impact of vaccination against hepatitis B : a historical overview|
ZANETTI, ALESSANDRO REMO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Hepatitis B; Strategies of immunisation; Vaccination|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-nov-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.09.056|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|