Incidence and non-nutritional risk factors were estimated for necrotising enterocolitis in 2035 very low birth weight infants, admitted to 14 tertiary-level neonatal intensive care units in Lombardy, northern Italy. There were 62 necrotising enterocolitis cases, with an overall incidence of 3.1%. After adjustment for gestational age and centre, the risk factors were mechanical ventilation, patent ductus arteriosus, and late-onset sepsis, whereas surfactant treatment was associated with decreased risk. Significant variations in necrotising enterocolitis incidence among hospitals were found.
|Titolo:||Necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants in Italy : incidence and non-nutritional risk factors|
|Parole Chiave:||Cohort studies; Necrotising enterocolitis; Randomeffects logistic regression; Risk factors; Variation in incidence|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/MPG.0b013e318174e855|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|