Islet transplantation is a poorly investigated Long-term strategy for insulin replacement and for treatment of complications in patients with diabetes. We investigated whether islet transplantation and insulin treatment can relieve diabetic neuropathy and rescue the residual endogenous pancreatic beta cells. We used a multimodal approach, with five groups of Sprague-Dawley rats studied for 8 months: control rats, diabetic rats, insulin-treated diabetic rats with moderate or mild hyperglycemia, and diabetic rats transplanted with microencapsulated islets. Islet transplantation normalized glycemia and increased body and muscle weight; it was also effective in reducing proteinuria and altered liver function. Transplantation significantly improved tail nerve conduction velocity, Na+-K+-ATPase activity, and morphological alterations in the sciatic nerve as evidenced by decrease in g-ratio; it also restored thermal and ameliorated mechanical nociceptive thresholds. Morphometric analysis of pancreas indicated a significant beta-cell volume increase in transplanted rats, compared with mildly and moderately hyperglycemic rats. Thus, allogeneic islet transplantation had a positive systemic effect in diabetic rats and induced regression of the established neuropathy and restitution of the typical characteristics of the islets. These findings strongly reinforce the need for improving glycemic control, not only to reverse established diabetic complications but also to improve beta-cell status in diabetic pancreas.
Islet transplantation and insulin administration relieve long-term complications and rescue the residual endogenous pancreatic cells / M. Figliuzzi, R. Bianchi, C. Cavagnini, R. Lombardi, C. Porretta-Serapiglia, G. Lauria, F. Avezza, A. Canta, V. Carozzi, A. Chiorazzi, P. Marmiroli, C. Meregalli, N. Oggioni, B. Sala, G. Cavaletti, A. Remuzzi. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - 183:5(2013 Nov), pp. 1527-1538.
|Titolo:||Islet transplantation and insulin administration relieve long-term complications and rescue the residual endogenous pancreatic cells|
|Parole Chiave:||diabetic-neuropathy; morphometric-analysis; atpase activity; rats; mellitus|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.07.032|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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