"The Emergence of African Authors in the Comic Field of French-speaking Europe (1978-2016)" This research examines the conditions of possibilities within and the routes of entry of the African authors into the comic field of the French-speaking Europe. The dissertation employs a sociological approach by making, firstly, an institutional analysis of the conditions of production, circulation and reception, as well as the sociability in the local contexts, in particular in the French-speaking countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The examination of the modalities of publication in the edition or in the press, of the associations of authors, festivals and other promotional initiatives, and of the possibilities offered by associations and institutions, shows that local authors have to realize their artistic vocation and their professional projects in poorly organized and unfavourable environments. Of course, this state of things requires agents to exercise their greater or lesser skill in adapting to it and making it play to the advantage of their professional career, but it also prompts a number of authors to consider the publication in the European field as the goal towards which to focus their efforts and strategies. The general problem of entry is the angle of attack of the second part, which draws on Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of fields to analyse the trajectories of the few African comics authors who managed to achieve a certain legitimation in European environments, namely Congolese Barly Baruti and Pat Masioni and the Ivorian Marguerite Abouet, as well as some other significant paths. The notions of habitus, strategy, periphery, autonomy and heteronomy, but also antinomy have helped to illuminate these paths. The theory of fields, which emphasizes the social conditions relating to the creation, circulation and consumption of symbolic goods and the institutions involved in the "mise en act" of the artistic-cultural object, in order to understand the position in the society of reference, was instrumental in understanding the importance of several factors: the impact of associations and of the international institutions; autonomy as a second step or eventually as a decisive phase, determining the entrance from the beginning; the “instances of legitimation”.

L'ENTRANCE DES AUTEURS AFRICAINS DANS LE CHAMP DE LA BANDE DESSINÉE EUROPÉENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE (1978-2016) / S. Federici ; tutors: P. Halen, S. Riva. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI LINGUE E LETTERATURE STRANIERE, 2017 Dec 16. ((29. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2016. [10.13130/s-federici_phd2017-12-16].

L'ENTRANCE DES AUTEURS AFRICAINS DANS LE CHAMP DE LA BANDE DESSINÉE EUROPÉENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE (1978-2016)

S. Federici
2017-12-16

Abstract

"The Emergence of African Authors in the Comic Field of French-speaking Europe (1978-2016)" This research examines the conditions of possibilities within and the routes of entry of the African authors into the comic field of the French-speaking Europe. The dissertation employs a sociological approach by making, firstly, an institutional analysis of the conditions of production, circulation and reception, as well as the sociability in the local contexts, in particular in the French-speaking countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The examination of the modalities of publication in the edition or in the press, of the associations of authors, festivals and other promotional initiatives, and of the possibilities offered by associations and institutions, shows that local authors have to realize their artistic vocation and their professional projects in poorly organized and unfavourable environments. Of course, this state of things requires agents to exercise their greater or lesser skill in adapting to it and making it play to the advantage of their professional career, but it also prompts a number of authors to consider the publication in the European field as the goal towards which to focus their efforts and strategies. The general problem of entry is the angle of attack of the second part, which draws on Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of fields to analyse the trajectories of the few African comics authors who managed to achieve a certain legitimation in European environments, namely Congolese Barly Baruti and Pat Masioni and the Ivorian Marguerite Abouet, as well as some other significant paths. The notions of habitus, strategy, periphery, autonomy and heteronomy, but also antinomy have helped to illuminate these paths. The theory of fields, which emphasizes the social conditions relating to the creation, circulation and consumption of symbolic goods and the institutions involved in the "mise en act" of the artistic-cultural object, in order to understand the position in the society of reference, was instrumental in understanding the importance of several factors: the impact of associations and of the international institutions; autonomy as a second step or eventually as a decisive phase, determining the entrance from the beginning; the “instances of legitimation”.
RIVA, SILVIA
Cette étude s’interroge sur les conditions de possibilités et les modalités d’entrance des auteurs africains dans le champ de la bande dessinée européenne de langue française. La thèse procède à une approche sociologique en effectuant, en premier lieu, une analyse institutionnelle des conditions de production, de circulation et de réception, ainsi que de la sociabilité dans les contextes locaux, notamment dans les pays de l’Afrique subsaharienne francophone. L’examen des modalités de publication dans l’édition ou dans la presse, des associations d’auteurs, des festivals et d’autres initiatives de promotion, des possibilités offertes par le monde associatif et celui des institutions montre que les auteurs locaux ont à réaliser leur vocation artistique et leurs projets professionnels dans des milieux mal organisés et peu propices. Cet état de choses, certes, oblige les agents à mettre en œuvre leur plus ou moins grande habileté à s’y adapter et à le faire jouer à l’avantage de leur parcours professionnel, mais il pousse aussi de nombreux auteurs à considérer la publication dans le champ européen comme le but vers lequel orienter leurs efforts et leurs stratégies. La problématique générale de l’entrance est l’angle d’attaque de la deuxième partie, qui analyse au moyen de la théorie du champ élaborée par Pierre Bourdieu les trajectoires des quelques auteurs africains de B.D. qui ont réussi à atteindre une certaine légitimation de la part des institutions de la B.D. européenne, à savoir les congolais Barly Baruti et Pat Masioni et l’ivoirienne Marguerite Abouet, ainsi que quelques autres parcours significatifs. Les notions d’habitus, de stratégie, de périphérie, d’autonomie et d’hétéronomie, mais aussi d’antinomie ont permis d’éclairer ces parcours. La théorie des champs, qui met l’accent sur les conditions sociales relatives à la création, à la circulation et à la consommation des biens symboliques et sur les institutions impliquées dans la « mise en acte » de l’objet artistique-culturel pour en comprendre la position dans la société de référence, a été l’instrument qui a permis de saisir l’importance de plusieurs facteurs : l’impact du secteur associatif et des institutions internationales ; l'autonomisation comme seconde étape ou éventuellement comme phase décisive, déterminant l’entrance dès le début ; les « instances de légitimation ».
bande dessinée d'auteur africain; champ culturel; parcours d’entrance; institutions; légitimation; autonomie; comics by African authors; cultural field; career path; institutions; legitimation; autonomy
Settore L-LIN/03 - Letteratura Francese
L'ENTRANCE DES AUTEURS AFRICAINS DANS LE CHAMP DE LA BANDE DESSINÉE EUROPÉENNE DE LANGUE FRANÇAISE (1978-2016) / S. Federici ; tutors: P. Halen, S. Riva. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI LINGUE E LETTERATURE STRANIERE, 2017 Dec 16. ((29. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2016. [10.13130/s-federici_phd2017-12-16].
Doctoral Thesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/528946
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