Aims Analysis of nutritional status and body composition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in a University-Hospital setting, recruiting 59 patients with AD, 34 subjects with MCI and 58 elderly healthy controls (HC). Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric parameters (body mass index; calf, upper arm and waist circumferences), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA). Variables were analyzed by analysis of variance and subjects were grouped by cognitive status and gender. Results Sociodemographic variables did not differ among the three groups (AD, MCI and HC), except for females' age, which was therefore used as covariate in a general linear multivariate model. MNA score was significantly lower in AD patients than in HC; MCI subjects achieved intermediate scores. AD patients (both sexes) had significantly (p<0.05) higher height-normalized impedance values and lower phase angles (body cell mass) compared with HC; a higher ratio of impedance to height was found in men with MCI with respect to HC. With BIVA method, MCI subjects showed a significant displacement on the RXc graph on the right side indicating lower soft tissues (Hotelling's T2 test: men = 10.6; women = 7.9;p < 0,05) just like AD patients (Hotelling's T2 test: men = 18.2; women = 16.9; p<0,001). Conclusion Bioelectrical parameters significantly differ from MCI and AD to HC; MCI showed an intermediate pattern between AD and HC. Longitudinal studies are required to investigate if BIVA could reflect early AD-changes in body composition in subjects with MCI.
Nutritional status and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis : a cross sectional study in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease / I. Cova, S. Pomati, L. Maggiore, M. Forcella, V. Cucumo, R. Ghiretti, G. Grande, F. Muzio, C. Mariani. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 12:2(2017), pp. e0171331.1-e0171331.11.
|Titolo:||Nutritional status and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis : a cross sectional study in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease|
COVA, ILARIA (Primo)
POMATI, SIMONE (Secondo)
MUZIO, FULVIO (Penultimo)
MARIANI, CLAUDIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Aged; Alzheimer Disease; Case-Control Studies; Cognitive Dysfunction; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Plethysmography, Impedance; Body Composition; Nutritional Status; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171331|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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