Intracellular bacteria of the genus Wolbachia (alpha-Proteobacteria) are the most widespread endosymbionts of insects. Host infection is usually associated with alterations in reproduction, such as cytoplasmic incompatibility, the induction of parthenogenesis and offspring sex ratio bias: all phenomena that may influence host speciation. In the present study, by using well-established molecular tools, we investigated the presence of Wolbachia in leaf beetles of the genus Crioceris and their host plants, which are various species of Asparagus. Multilocus sequence typing of bacterial genes showed that despite their occurrence in the same habitat and feeding on the same plant, two species of Crioceris, C. quinquepunctata and C. quatuordecimpunctata, are infected by two different strains of Wolbachia. C. asparagi, C. paracenthesis and C. duodecimpunctata, which are sympatric with the infected species, do not harbour the bacterium. Interestingly, DNA of Wolbachia was detected in host plant tissues that are exploited by the beetles, providing evidence for the horizontal transmission of the bacterium between beetles and their host plants. Moreover, Wolbachia was detected in species of Crioceris that are not closely related.
Preliminary evidence of the horizontal transmission of Wolbachia between Crioceris leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and their Asparagus host plants / M. Kolasa, M. Montagna, V. Mereghetti, D. Kubisz, M.A. Mazur, Ł. Kajtoch. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY. - ISSN 1210-5759. - 114(2017 Oct), pp. 446-554.
|Titolo:||Preliminary evidence of the horizontal transmission of Wolbachia between Crioceris leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and their Asparagus host plants|
|Parole Chiave:||Alpha-Proteobacteria; Wolbachia; Coleoptera; Chrysomelidae; Crioceris; Asparagus; molecular ecology; horizontal transmission; Multilocus Sequence Typing|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale e Applicata|
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/eje.2017.057|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|