Fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel) synthesized by transesterifying vegetable oil and fats with methanol are unsuitable for northern climates and alpine regions. Isopropyl esters derived from oil and isopropanol have superior cold flow properties and lower cloud point but reaction rates are slow in batch liquid phase processes. To accelerate the reaction rates by several orders of magnitude, we atomize mixtures of canola oil and isopropanol into a fluidized bed of CaO/Al2O3operating at 450 °C. Coke, CO, CO2, isopropyl esters and hydrocarbons in the C5-C19range form at contact times less than 1 s. A solenoid valve cycles the feed composition between oil/isopropanol and air, which maximizes the reaction rates and maintains a constant level of coke. The dwell time of the catalyst in oil/isopropanol and air is 2 min. The coke yield ranges from 3.5% to 34% and the isopropyl esters yield varies from 2% to 31% for isopropanol:triglycerides molar ratios equal to 28, 35 and 51. The coke yield decreases with isopropanol:triglycerides molar ratios and O2flow during the regeneration step while the isopropyl esters yield increases. The highest hydrocarbons yield was 42%.
CaO and isopropanol transesterify and crack triglycerides to isopropyl esters and green diesel / D..C. Boffito, F. Galli, C. Pirola, G..S. Patience. - In: ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0196-8904. - 139(2017), pp. 71-78.
|Titolo:||CaO and isopropanol transesterify and crack triglycerides to isopropyl esters and green diesel|
PIROLA, CARLO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||CaO; Cracking; Fluidized bed; Green diesel; Isopropyl esters; Transesterification; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Nuclear Energy and Engineering; Fuel Technology; Energy Engineering and Power Technology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-IND/25 - Impianti Chimici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.02.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|