The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the major risk factors associated with case fatality in diarrhoeic calves undergoing a standard therapeutic protocol. Clinical and laboratory findings were reviewed in 225 Holstein Friesian diarrhoeic calves over a 2 year period. Calves were treated according to a fluid therapy protocol using an oral electrolyte solution or an IV infusion. After therapy, 159 calves were discharged in a healthy state, whereas 66 calves died. Logistic regression analysis showed that serum total protein (STP) concentration (odds ratio, OR, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, CI 0.31-0.84; P < 0.01) and the strength of suckle reflex (OR 4.83; CI 1.17-19.88; P < 0.05) were the major risk factors associated with case fatality in diarrhoeic calves. These results could help to distinguish between diarrhoeic calves with a good prognosis and those with a major risk of treatment failure.

Risk factors associated with case fatality in 225 diarrhoeic calves : a retrospective study / A. Boccardo, S. Biffani, A. Belloli, F. Biscarini, G. Sala, D. Pravettoni. - In: THE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 1090-0233. - 228:(2017 Oct 19), pp. 38-40. [10.1016/j.tvjl.2017.10.006]

Risk factors associated with case fatality in 225 diarrhoeic calves : a retrospective study

A. Boccardo;A. Belloli;G. Sala;D. Pravettoni
2017-10-19

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the major risk factors associated with case fatality in diarrhoeic calves undergoing a standard therapeutic protocol. Clinical and laboratory findings were reviewed in 225 Holstein Friesian diarrhoeic calves over a 2 year period. Calves were treated according to a fluid therapy protocol using an oral electrolyte solution or an IV infusion. After therapy, 159 calves were discharged in a healthy state, whereas 66 calves died. Logistic regression analysis showed that serum total protein (STP) concentration (odds ratio, OR, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, CI 0.31-0.84; P < 0.01) and the strength of suckle reflex (OR 4.83; CI 1.17-19.88; P < 0.05) were the major risk factors associated with case fatality in diarrhoeic calves. These results could help to distinguish between diarrhoeic calves with a good prognosis and those with a major risk of treatment failure.
Failed transfer of passive immunity; Case fatality risk; Neonatal calf diarrhoea; Serum protein; Suckle reflex
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
THE VETERINARY JOURNAL
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/526782
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