The use of the physical appearance of the deceased has become more important because the available antemortem information for comparisons may consist only of a physical description and photographs. Twenty-one articles dealing with the identification based on the physiognomic features of the human body were selected for review and were divided into four sections: (i) visual recognition, (ii) specific facial/body areas, (iii) biometrics, and (iv) dental superimposition. While opinions about the reliability of the visual recognition differ, the search showed that it has been used in mass disasters, even without testing its objectivity and reliability. Specific facial areas being explored for the identification of dead; however, their practical use is questioned, similarly to soft biometrics. The emerging dental superimposition seems to be the only standardized and successfully applied method for identification so far. More research is needed into a potential use of the individualizing features, considering that postmortem changes and technical difficulties may affect the identification.

Personal Identification of Deceased Persons : An Overview of the Current Methods Based on Physical Appearance / Z. Caplova, Z. Obertova, D.M. Gibelli, D. De Angelis, D. Mazzarelli, C. Sforza, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-1198. - 63:3(2018 May), pp. 662-671. [10.1111/1556-4029.13643]

Personal Identification of Deceased Persons : An Overview of the Current Methods Based on Physical Appearance

Z. Caplova
Primo
;
Z. Obertova
Secondo
;
D.M. Gibelli;D. De Angelis;D. Mazzarelli;C. Sforza
Penultimo
;
C. Cattaneo
Ultimo
2018-05

Abstract

The use of the physical appearance of the deceased has become more important because the available antemortem information for comparisons may consist only of a physical description and photographs. Twenty-one articles dealing with the identification based on the physiognomic features of the human body were selected for review and were divided into four sections: (i) visual recognition, (ii) specific facial/body areas, (iii) biometrics, and (iv) dental superimposition. While opinions about the reliability of the visual recognition differ, the search showed that it has been used in mass disasters, even without testing its objectivity and reliability. Specific facial areas being explored for the identification of dead; however, their practical use is questioned, similarly to soft biometrics. The emerging dental superimposition seems to be the only standardized and successfully applied method for identification so far. More research is needed into a potential use of the individualizing features, considering that postmortem changes and technical difficulties may affect the identification.
forensic science; unknown decedents; visual recognition; soft biometrics; tattoos; facial features; dental superimposition
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Caplova_et_al-2017-Journal_of_Forensic_Sciences.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 163.02 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
163.02 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/525414
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact