This paper is part of a study of the frictional dynamics of a confined solid lubricant film-modelled. as a ID chain of interacting particles confined between two ideally incommensurate substrates, one of which is driven relative to the other through an attached spring moving at constant velocity. This model system is characterized by three inherent length scales; depending on the precise choice of incommensurability among them it displays a strikingly different tribological behavior. Contrary to two length-scale systems such as the standard Frenkel-Kontorova (FK) model, for large chain stiffness one finds that here the most favorable (lowest friction) sliding regime is achieved by chain-substrate incommensurabilities belonging to the class of non-quadratic irrational numbers (e.g., the spiral mean). The well-known golden-mean (quadratic) incommensurability which slides best in the standard FK model shows instead higher kinetic friction values. The underlying reason lies in the pinning properties of the lattice of solitons formed by the chain with the substrate having the closest periodicity, with the other slider.
|Titolo:||Lubricated friction between incommensurate substrates|
|Parole Chiave:||nanotribology ; friction ; models of nonlinear phenomena ; lubrication|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.triboint.2007.11.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|