Entanglement does not correspond to an observable, and its evaluation always corresponds to an estimation procedure where the amount of entanglement is inferred from the measurements of one or more proper observables. Here we address optimal estimation of entanglement in the framework of local quantum estimation theory and derive the optimal observable in terms of the symmetric logarithmic derivative. We evaluate the quantum Fisher information and, in turn, the ultimate bound to precision for several families of bipartite states for either for qubits or continuous-variable systems and for different measures of entanglement. We found that for discrete variables, entanglement may be efficiently estimated when it is large, whereas estimation of weakly entangled states is an inherently inefficient procedure. For continuous-variable Gaussian systems the effectiveness of entanglement estimation strongly depends on the chosen entanglement measure. Our analysis makes an important point of principle and may be relevant in the design of quantum information protocols based on the entanglement content of quantum states.
|Titolo:||Optimal estimation of entanglement|
PARIS, MATTEO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||continuous variable systems ; separability criterion ; quantum states ; mixed states ; mechanics ; geometry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.78.032303|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|