Silicon is the second most abundant mineral element in soil, it has important role in alleviating various environmental stresses and enhancing plant resistance against pathogen, but the exact mechanism by which Si mediates pathogen resistance remains unclear. One of the resistance mechanisms is related to silicon deposition in leaf that acts as a physical barrier to hinder pathogen penetration. But more evidence show that silicon can induce defense responses that are functionally similar to systemic acquired resistance, Si-treated plants can significantly increase antioxidant enzyme activities and the production of antifungal compounds such as phenolic metabolism product, phytoalexins and pathogenesis-related proteins etc. Molecular and biochemical detections show that Si can activate the expression of defense-related genes and may play important role in the transduction of plant stress signal such as salicylic acid, jasmonic acid and ethylene.
|Titolo:||The fate and the role of mitochondria in Fe-deficient root of strategy I plants|
VIGANI, GIANPIERO (Primo)
ZOCCHI, GRAZIANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Biotic stress; Induced resistance; Pathogen; Signal transduction; Silicon|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|